20  Construction and demolition wastes

          This group of categories includes -

21  Soil and aggregate recycling
22  Building materials reclamation
23  Timber reclamation
24  Architectural salvage

Construction, demolition, refurbishment and material supply processes are responsible for a significant amount of waste (estimates vary; the UK Government uses the figure of 70 million tonnes).  The construction industry accounts for 17% of total waste produced in the UK.  It is not known how much of this is produced by refurbishment, but there is no doubt that refurbishing offers opportunities to re-use, recycle and employ recycled materials.  Demolitions are still creating vast unnecessary waste instead of reusing materials.  In an interesting new development which helps minimise waste, some firms are offering site managers deals combining demolition with architectural salvage - the salvage can pay for the demolition and more.

Landfill charges and taxes amounting to an average of £80 per 20-tonne load nevertheless see in excess of a billion tonnes of brick tipped into landfill sites every year.  The amount of useable timber incinerated is similar.  The developer / site owner bears the price, in lost revenues, and costs passed on by demolition contractors.  

See section 24 Architectural Salvage for alternatives to this. 

What's it made of?
The major components of construction waste are soils (often mixed with other materials), concrete, masonry, brickwork, stone, metal (largely steel), glass, plasterboard, bituminous materials such as road planings and architectural features.  Until the advent of the Landfill Tax, around 42 million tonnes of these wastes went to landfill either for final disposal or landfill engineering (considered to be a form of recycling).

Construction and demolition waste management decisions need to be based on the Best Practical Environmental Option (BPEO), taking into account factors such as additional processing and transport, toxicity, and potential pollution.  DETR are funding BRE to evaluate best practice in construction and demolition waste management, and the use of recycled and reclaimed building materials in construction.  As such they are addressing a wide range of issues concerning waste minimisation, reclamation, recycling and use of recycled materials.

Making better use of materials
Minimising waste from the production of building materials, their packaging, surplus and wastage on the construction site should be priority areas for building material producers and the construction industry.  Reducing waste can save money, energy and resources and makes good business sense.

Current estimates of materials ‘recycled’ are misleading (estimated 50 per cent) in the sense that applications are often unnecessary and low grade, a situation exacerbated by actions to minimise Landfill Tax paid.  Making more effective use of materials through reclamation and high grade recycling can have a significant impact on the total use of resources such as aggregates.  It will also reduce pressure on landfill sites.  Materials recovery will happen where economics favour it; ideally building materials should be reclaimed or recycled for the highest grade application for which they are suitable.

The demolition industry have an important role to play in maximising the separation of waste materials, if allowed the time to do so; thus creating a supply of uncontaminated resources suitable for reclamation and recycling.  This needs to be matched by a demand for these materials.  The specifying of recycled and reclaimed materials in tender documents will encourage the recovery of materials, including those where the profits are more marginal.  Local authorities can play a key role as clients, advisers and enforcers (eg planning, building control).

Examples of best practice 
BRE’s Environmental Building incorporates the first demonstration of 100% recycled aggregates in ready mixed concrete in the UK.  The building also features 80,000 reclaimed bricks and reclaimed parquet flooring.  Before construction, a building had to be demolished.  The demolition contract specified maximum reuse and recycling of materials, resulting in reuse and recycling of 96 per cent of the materials.  The Aggregates Advisory Service, BRE, and CIRIA (see below) produce guidance documents and run events to disseminate the results of research in this area.

Probably the best source of information on reclamation companies is SALVO, whose website carries comprehensive lists.  They carried out a survey of the reclamation industry with the Building Research Establishment to establish its extent and future trends in supply and demand.  SALVO operates a reclaimed materials and architectural salvage exchange on the internet, and also the Salvo Theft Alert (see editorial for section 24, Architectural Salvage). 

Also see
Wood waste (14)
Wood burning (15)
Architectural salvage (24)

Packaging materials
Unwanted goods (80)
Furniture and household goods (82)
Shop and office furnishings
Contaminated land, water and air
Green Building (430)

Alphabetical list of organisations

Best Foot Forward Limited (BFF)
Tel 01865 250818  Fax 01865 794586
Website www.bestfootforward.com
Email mail@bestfootforward.com
The Future Centre, 115 Magdalen Road, Oxford OX4 1RQ
Contact  Craig Simmons or Nicky Chambers, Founder Directors

Consultancy specialising in sustainability metrics, resource flow and ecological footprint analyses.  Helps regions, organisations and communities reduce their environment impact  through delivering a wide range of analytical tools and consulting services.  Has developed EcoIndex and Stepwise which calculate environment impact and sustainability of a product, organisation, process, lifestyle or region.  Detailed website with many interesting sub-sections, organised under main headings: Products and services, Sustainable accounting, Publications, About us (includes case studies), and Partners.  You can also sign up to email discussion groups on carbon reporting and ecological footprinting (services - cities and regions sub-section).  Has Queen's Award for Enterprise in Sustainable Development.  BFF's ecological footprint of the Isle of Wight was Overall Winner at Biffawards 2001, and Environmental Report 2002 won an ACCA UK Award for Best SME in Environmental Reporting.  See also Stepping Forward www.steppingforward.org.uk sustainability assessment for the entire South West of England (see sections 210 Assistance, Advice and Consultants, 220 or 230; and 400, 430, or 450 Energy Use and Climate Change).  Other publications include: Scotland's Footprint, Material Health (mass balance and ecological footprint of NHS) and City Limits (resource flow and ecological footprint of Greater London, Biffaward 2003 finalist in R&D category). 

Develops products and services for three main audiences:  businesses and organisations - assess performance, raise awareness of issues amongst staff and/or customers; cities and regions - measure and monitor performance of regions and communities; education/campaigns - public communication and awareness raising.  Undertakes projects in many other areas, happy to discuss requirements.  For more technical information see their Services and Accounting web sections.  Tools used - resource flow and mass balance accounting; greenhouse gas (carbon) reporting; ecological analyses. Applications include - corporate environment strategy and reporting; regional sustainability assessments and scenario development; lifestyle analysis eg transport, food, housing and purchasing choices; waste and energy management and policy development; strategic environmental assessments (SEA); product impact assessment; education and awareness raising.
  Website designed by Lumpy Lemon, see section 210 Assistance, Advice and Consultants.   (Updated Nov 2005)

Biffa Waste Services
Tel 01530 412829 Fax 01530 412716
The Grange, 80 Tamworth Road, ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCH, Leics LE65 2BW
E-Mail marketing@biffa.co.uk Website www.biffa.co.uk

Many Biffa sites have 'front end' MRFs, to sort and grade waste types into recyclable and non recyclable items. This brings construction materials and saleable products back to the marketplace, including organic wastes and inert wastes such as sand, gravel, soil, hardcore and aggregates.

Tel 01923
664200 / 664000  Fax 01923 664786
www.bre.co.uk  www.breweb.org.uk  
construction@bre.co.uk  enquiries@bre.co.uk 
BRE Centre for Waste and Recycling, Garston, WATFORD, Herts WD2 7JR
BRE, Garston, WATFORD, Herts WD25 9XX
Contact  Gilli Hobbs

BRE's Centre for Waste and Recycling is UK’s leading construction and fire research centre.  Provides advice on all aspects of the management of construction and demolition waste.  The Centre is carrying out research into many waste issues, including use of recycled aggregate, best practice demolition and reducing construction waste.  Initiated a materials information exchange for the construction industry: if you have a waste material looking for a market contact Rod Collins on collinsr@bre.co.uk or visit SalvoMIE Materials Information Exchange website www.salvomie.co.uk/index.html (listed below) - if you have a waste material looking for a market contact Rod Collins on collinsr@bre.co.uk The  scheme allows the construction industry to buy and sell used, secondhand and unused materials over the internet.  Information and links on Sustainable Construction.  Publishes report: Deconstruction and re-use of construction materials.

BRE construction includes concept and design, construction, timber, concrete, heritage buildings, in-service, end of life, and recycling.  Projects include: promoting recycled and secondary aggregates as performing sometimes better than primary aggregates in construction; Partners in Innovation Project investigating potential for greater use of the many and varied small volume waste materials; demonstrating use of non-ferrous industry wastes as aggregate in construction -  encouraging use in areas local to manufacturing sites producing them, to reduce need for landfill space and help local manufacturing - including a demonstration asphalt road containing ISF slag as aggregate at Britannia Zinc site, Avonmouth near Bristol; web-based information system to identify best ways to deal with waste materials, taking account of options available at a user's location; and WRAP funded BRE certification and approval scheme - wants recycled construction products to be submitted.  See also BREMAP, BREWEB and SmartWaste (all listed below).  Typing specific waste areas or materials into BRE's online search will show projects under different headings (including latest ones under 'News').  (Updated August 2004)

Tel 01923 664427  Fax 01923 664786
Email  bremap@bre.co.uk   Website  www.bremap.co.uk  www.bremap.co.uk/bremap/search.jsp
Contact  Rachel Harrex; Michelle Sjogren Leong leongm@bre.co.uk (01923 664516)

Geographical information system, which together with SalvoMIE materials information exchange (see below) gives best practical options for UK sites and companies having to deal with waste.  Part of SmartWaste (www.smartwaste.co.uk - see below).  Provides locations of businesses involved in collection, storage, haulage, reuse, reclamation, recycling and disposal of construction and demolition wastes.  Encapsulates many existing databases and much industry literature detailing landfill sites, transfer stations, incinerators, recycling sites, reclamation companies, composting facilities and manufacturer take-back schemes.  Entering postcodes brings up an area map of waste services, available materials and products (updated daily).  Basic and advanced searches can be made.  Currently, around 9,000 companies able to perform some type of service to the industry are registered.  Companies can edit or add details using the online registration form or send an email.  Developed by BRE, funded by Biffaward landfill tax credits and Institution of Civil Engineers R&D Enabling Fund.  See also BRE (above) and BREWEB (below).  (Updated August 2004)

Tel 01923 664454  Fax 01923 664398
Website  www.breweb.org.uk   Email  breweb@bre.co.uk
Contact  Rachel Charleston

BRE's Waste & Environmental Body facilitates ongoing environmental improvement in waste and construction industries through landfill tax sponsorship and/or collaborative partnerships in (high-profile) demonstration and research projects.  Currently projects seeking sponsorship include: furniture resource centre building materials re-use project; high grade aggregate from oil well drilling cuttings; removing barriers to the use of by-products from steel manufacturing in construction.  See also BRE, BREMAP (both above), SalvoMIE and SmartWaste (listed below).  (Updated August 2004)

BSRIA (Building Services Research and Information Association) Ltd

Tel 01344 465600  Fax 01344 465626  Email  bsria@bsria.co.uk
Websites  www.bsria.co.uk  and  www.managenergy.net/actors/A1289.htm
Old Bracknell Lane West, BRACKNELL, Berkshire, RG12 7AH 
Contact  Anne King  

Independent research, testing and information organisation for building services industry, aimed at architects, designers, legislators, specifiers, consultants and contractors, equipment manufacturers, building operators, facilities managers and end users.  Supplier and consultant on efficient use of energy within buildings, and sustainable building products and services such as artificial lighting, cogeneration and district heating, energy management, heating and ventilation systems and pumps, recovery and storage, energy audits.   Provides access to best practice information, textbooks, reports, codes of practice, journals, literature searches and online bookshop.  Runs collaborative research programme and market studies based on industry needs.  Immediate access to experts for problem solving, specification and certification.  Website includes 'Energy & Environment' main section, with subsections covering:  Codes and Standards, Design of Test Facilities, Energy in Buildings, Environmental Assessments, Failure Investigations, Product Research and Development, Water in Buildings.

Detail Drawings service provides library of over 850 drawings and symbols illustrating common building services, design and installation.  Drawings can be searched quickly, and downloaded into any standard CAD software package.  Produced with direct input from building services manufacturers, installers and designers, drawings follow current best practice.  Details from www.barbour-index.co.uk/content/aboutservices/bsria.asp
(Updated Nov 2005)

British Trust for Conservation Volunteers

Tel 01491 839766  Fax 01491 839646
36 St Mary's Street,WALLINGFORD, Oxon OX10 0EU

BTCV is a conservation charity, carrying out practical work through a national network of field offices, over 2000 local affiliated groups and the Natural Break programme of conservation working holidays, ranging from access improvement to wildlife habitat management.  Network of local groups may be able to make use of small quantities of selective demolition materials.

Cantillon Haulage & Demolition Ltd

Tel  01923 255 256  Fax  020 8200 7954
Email  info@cantillon-demolition.co.uk  Website  www.cantillon-demolition.co.uk 
4 Salmon Street, Kingsbury, LONDON NW9 8PN
Contact  Kate McCormick, Marketing Manager

Demolition contracts and management, for complex, large, or small structures, and recycled aggregate producer, within 200 mile radius of London.  Established 1967.  Materials separated and recycled wherever possible.  Careful salvage of artefacts and parts of structures, as part of contract or stand alone; storage and/or transportation to requirements.  Detailed proposals provided.  Crushing and soil screening to minimise removal and disposal, for cost and environment benefits.  Handles general granular fill.  Concrete resulting from demolition can be processed at recycling facilities (some of this material may find its way back into the fabric of the new structure).  Site investigation works, soil analysis reports, excavation, processing on site, removal and disposal off site for contaminated land.  Soft Strip - removing fixtures, fittings, services, temporary structures, assessing structural design and unexpected finds such as asbestos or structural anomalies.  Asbestos removal and surveys.  Steel and pre-cast concrete dismantling eg complex steel framed, cantilevered, or post-tensioned structures; bridges, blocks of flats, offices.  Industrial, conventional and specialist services.  Temporary works, site clearance, landscaping.  Consultation and compliance with Environment Agency and relevant regulations; Certificate of Registration under Control of Pollution (Amendment) Act 1989 licensing contaminated waste removal.  (Updated Nov 2005)

CIRIA (Construction Industry Research and Information Association)
Tel 0 207 549 3300  Fax 0 207 253 0523
Website www.ciria.org.uk/recycling   Email  enquiries@ciria.org.uk
Classic House, 174 - 180 Old Street, LONDON  EC1V 9BP  
Contact  Customer Services
Scotland office:  c/o University of Dundee, DUNDEE DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK - Tel 01382 386093   Email  martin.squibbs@ciria.org  

Research organisation aiming to improve the performance of all involved in construction and the environment.  Recycling website, www.ciria.org.uk/recycling, searchable by map or material,  provides database of UK construction-related recycling sites that accept or sell construction materials, and demolition waste recycling sites.  This helps construction companies source recycled materials, find better disposal routes for waste products, and save costs by avoiding landfill charges, landfill tax and transport costs.  CIRIA is a company owned by other companies, universities, government departments and other public sector agencies, organisations and regulators.  These include representatives from all parts of the supply chains of modern built environment, covering building, civil engineering, transport and utilities infrastructure.  

CIRIA works in partnership to develop and publish best practice guidance, produces 30 new titles a year, and runs conferences, workshops and training, providing networks and connections.  It deals with all stages of construction - planning, procurement, design, construction, operation and maintenance, refurbishment, and demolition.  Activities cover - water, environment, construction process, ground engineering, building construction technology.  Values: honesty and openness, independence, innovation and learning, social and environmental responsibility.  Manages the Construction Industry Environmental Forum, an information exchange on environmental and sustainable construction issues, in association with two other leading construction industry research organisations, BRE and BSRIA, with DTI support.  CIRIA also manages the Construction Productivity Network, to deliver new thinking and opportunities in the industry, as part of Construction Best Practice.  

CIRIA has five main areas of activity: Research – projects focused on industry needs, as identified and prioritised by CIRIA’s members; Publications – pragmatic guidance documents, based on CIRIA’s research projects, and produced in a consistent format and to a uniformly high quality; Training – short-courses to aid industry implementation of selected CIRIA guidance documents; Networks – a series of learning networks to spread awareness and encourage the sharing and adoption of new ideas, techniques and processes. Particular networks cover aspects of: sustainability; contaminated land; marine aggregates; nuclear contaminated sites; project information management; and productivity.  Promotes Industry Initiatives aimed at championing particular industry facets include Civil Engineering Environmental Quality Assessment and Award Scheme (CEEQUAL).  (Updated Nov 2005)

Construction Industry Environmental Forum -
managed by CIRIA, see above.
Tel 0 207 549 3300  Fax 0207 253 0523
Web www.cief.org.uk  Email enquiries@cief.org.uk  
CIEF, Classic House, 174-180 Old Street, London EC1V 9BP
Contact  Sarah Reid, Network Manager

A partnership between the three leading construction industry research organisations - CIRIA, BRE, BSRIA - and the DTI.  Provides information exchange on environmental issues affecting the industry.  Established 1991, its mission is to improve the sustainable and environmental performance of construction, by providing a cross-sector independent forum for new ideas and demonstration of best practice.  Members (currently over 230 organisations) include clients, developers, contractors, consultants, architects, specialists, research bodies and academic institutions.  Events it has organised include those on:  Sustainable water management;  Low carbon buildings (eg new build or refurbishment debate; best practice for new build and refurbishment;  the challenge of existing stock...);  and Sustainable construction (consultation and vision).   (Updated Nov 2005)

Construction Productivity Network -
managed by CIRIA, see above.

Aims to deliver new thinking and opportunities in the industry, as part of Construction Best Practice.  (Updated Jan 2003)

Construction Resources (Ecological Building Centre, and Merchants) 
Tel 0207 450 2211  Fax 0207 450 2212 
Email info@ecoconstruct.com  Website www.constructionresources.com or www.ecoconstruct.com
16 Great Guildford Street, LONDON SE1 0HS

A centre selling and distributing materials for sustainable building.  Warehouse and trade counter open to public for unique range of state of the art domestic and commercial building products, combining maximum use of safe, healthy, renewable, recyclable, natural materials with minimum energy use.  Actively promotes environmentally sound design and practice.  Building materials, services (heating, water and renewable energy), interiors, tools, furniture.  Includes rainwater storage systems, paints and varnishes made from natural pigments without use of solvents, thermal insulation produced from recycled newspaper, acoustic insulation from recycled rubber tyres, passive solar heaters from cardboard, and building with unfired clay.  Low-temperature wall heating, high-efficiency wood-burning stoves and boilers, water saving and rainwater recycling systems, timber construction. Three floors of displays include large-scale sample constructions, showing how and where products and systems are used, and materials and systems themselves such as solar collectors, rainwater filters, rolls or slabs of wool, flax or recycled newsprint insulation material.  As many of the products as possible have been built into the building's working fabric, providing 'live' demonstration in addition to static display.  Information sheets available.  Website has free downloads of technical documentation, installation notes and prices for products and publications.  One example: ES Solar Roof which can cover a whole roof as an efficient solar collector for hot water, space heating, etc.  Runs seminars for public and professionals, training courses for trades on installation and maintenance.  Tours available.  Open Mon-Fri 10-6, Wed until 7pm.  (Updated Nov 2005)

East Anglia Master Thatchers Association (EAMTA)
- see also Thatching and Building Company & Thatching Information Service below
Website www.eamta.co.uk  Email  eamta@eamta.co.uk 
Contact  Mr P A Congdon, Chairman (details on website)

Body of member thatchers from Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex and Hertfordshire.  Promotes local sourcing of materials and natural economy - 'to ensure regional character is maintained, use an experienced thatcher working locally, who knows both the conditions and the local long straw and reed growers'.  Can provide information and advice on:  maintenance; complete re-roofing and new work; material production and materials best suited for particular work; standards and specifications- technical pamphlet available; roof design and construction; house insurance and fire precautions.  Information on main thatching materials - long straw, water reed (or Norfolk reed), combed wheat reed and sedge.  Most full members hold certificates issued by COSIRA for their work, 'not lightly or quickly awarded'.  Advises that VAT is in most circumstances payable on thatching work.   Substantial alteration and rebuilding required before work is zero-rated.  Never assume zero rating - confirm in writing with local VAT office (see under EAMTA website's materials section).   (Updated Nov 2005)

(Recycled Material for Construction) 
Website www.ecoconstruction.org  Email recycledmaterials@ecde.co.uk  

Green materials searchable database and guidance on sustainable construction.  Details of manufacturing processes, composition, and suppliers.  Guidance on planning, choosing and specifying materials, to case studies of recycled and reclaimed material use.  Arranged in web page sections under:  Why Recycle More?, Environmental Impact of Specific Materials, Choosing Materials From The Database, Project Planning, Specifying Reclaimed And Recycled Materials, Building Elements & Materials Listing.  Follows waste hierarchy principles in that:  'Re-use materials are preferred because energy, resource use, and often transport, are less than with recycled materials.'   Rating Your Scheme - a structure to help assess extent of reused and / or recycled materials used in building; and compare schemes. Explanatory notes and examples for each element, and print friendly table.  'Materials used for constructing houses frequently cause some environmental pollution during their production.  Quarries can damage landscape, metals use lots of energy in production, PVC production produces atmospheric pollution, wood can come from unsustainable sources, etc.  Reclaimed materials and products made from recycled material cause less environment damage than new products and reduce refuse and landfill.'   (Updated Nov 2005)

Green Demo

Tel 01920 468423
Highfields, Birchall Lane, Cole Green, Welwyn Garden City, Herts SG14 2NR

Demolition contractor dealing with reclaimed materials.  (Updated Jan 2003)

Michael Walton

Tel  / Fax 01763 208887  
Thriplow House, Thriplow, NR ROYSTON, Herts SG8 7RD

Reclamation-friendly architect.  Restoration of old buildings.  Working to reduce VAT when altering listed buildings.  Moving from July 2003 to Oak Farm Barn, Woodditton Road, Kirtling, Suffolk CB8 9PG.   (Updated Jan 2003)

NFDC - National Federation of Demolition Contractors
Tel 01784 456799  Fax 01784 461118
Email info@demolition-nfdc.com  Website www.demolition-nfdc.com
Resurgam House, 1a New Road, The Causeway, STAINES, Middx TW18 3DH
Contact  Howard Button, National Secretary howard@demolition-nfdc.com

National body for UK demolition and dismantling industry, formed 1941 (originally to help clear WWII Blitz damage).  Publishes 'Demolition and Dismantling' magazine and other publications.  Works with organisations including WRAP (see WasteBook sections 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 200, 300, or 600) and BRE (see sections 430, 450, 20) to prepare studies on reuse / recycling of demolition materials. Provides government's ODPM with annual figures for members' waste produced, including amounts recycled, reused, and taken to landfill.  Works with DTI and DEFRA (see section 610) on site waste management planning issues - for example, aiming to incorporate figures for reused and recycled materials in new developments; and to reduce fly tipping.  Aims to set new and safe procedures; represent industry on government and other bodies; highlight concern for environment, and paramount need for safety for site personnel and public; represent members eg on safety, training, codes of practice, guidance notes, and in wage negotiations; develop training methods and courses in conjunction with Construction Industry Training Board and National Demolition Training Group.  'Around 90% of UK demolition work is by NFDC members.'  'From brick walls and lean-to buildings, to very large structures or complex radioactive projects; from simple deconstruction to explosive/implosive demolition.'  Website has detailed information for site and property owners; and professional, legal and other guidance, including training and standards.  The body has a history of forming and promoting standards, codes of practice, training groups and demolition science.   (Updated Nov 2005)

Thatching and Building Company & Thatching Information Service 
(previously National Council of Master Thatchers Association - see also East Anglia Master Thatchers Association above)
Tel 01920 438710
Thatchers Rest, Levens Green, GREAT MUNDEN, Herts SG11 1HD

Ten of the County-based Master Thatchers Associations, many of which began in 1947, joined together in 1987 to form the National Council.  Construction and demolition wastes - if considering altering a thatched building, or newly thatching a building, you might wish to contact this body for advice on techniques, reuse and use of materials, and regulations including whether the project is eligible for VAT  - East Anglia Master Thatchers Association (EMTA) advises to check in writing with your local VAT office.  (Updated Nov 2005)


Tel 01890 820333  Fax 01890 820499
Website www.salvo.co.uk  Email admin@salvoweb.com
PO BOX 333, CORNHILL ON TWEED TD12 4YJ, Northumberland 

Publisher of Salvo Directory, UK and worldwide, listing reclamation outlets for building/construction materials, and architectural salvage dealers.  Updates on web.  Publish Salvo Magazine, 25 issues per year, containing current news on restoration of old buildings, conservation issues, auctions, exhibitions, items for sale and wanted.  (Updated Nov 2003)

SalvoMIE (Materials Information Exchange)
Website  www.salvomie.co.uk

Free materials information exchange, which together with BREMAP geographical information system for waste related UK businesses (see above) gives best practical options for any UK site or company having to deal with waste materials.  Provides an advertising and trading ground for available materials - from large quantities of scrap demolition timber and recycled aggregates, to smaller quantities of new bricks and plasterboard off-cuts left over from building projects, or shrubs and topsoil from landscaping.  Specialises in construction and landscaping.  Browse by county for materials.  You can post low value waste materials, offered or wanted, by construction industry and landscape professionals for re-use or recycling.  (Members of the public can use www.salvo.co.uk )  Originally funded by Department of Environment Transport and Regions, now managed by Salvo.  Started by BRE 1999 funded by DETR, and relaunched in October 2003 by the Salvo partnership, part funded by Biffa and ICE.  See also BRE, BREWEB (above) and SmartWaste (below).   (Updated August 2004)

Scott Wilson
Tel 01256 461161  Fax 01256 310201
Website www.scottwilson.com 
Scott House, Basing View, BASINGSTOKE, Hampshire RG21 4JG

Consultancy on many matters relating to construction, including recycling and waste minimisation.  Website's environment section covers ecological surveys, services and evaluation, ecological impact assessment, coastal work, conservation, contaminated land, forestry, protected species and habitats
SEA Directive, sustainability service partnering, waste management and waste minimisation.  Also sections on sustainable development, and environmental management. 
(Updated Nov 2005)

Website  www.smartwaste.co.uk
Tel 01923 664000  Fax 01923 664786  (BRE general contact)
BRE websites  www.bre.co.uk  www.breweb.org.uk  
BRE email  construction@bre.co.uk  enquiries@bre.co.uk 
BRE, Garston, Watford WD25 9XX
Contacts  Amanda Conroy (01923 664471), Rachel Harrex (01923 664427), Michelle Sjogren Leong (01923 664516)

Comprises:  a) SmartStart easy to use waste benchmarking and minimisation tool for whole companies - a first step towards waste reduction on site.  b) SMARTAudit auditing tool to measure waste source, types, quantity, cause and cost of waste - empowers companies to understand in detail on site waste generating processes and to implement and monitor waste management and minimisation plans.  c) SmartStartLG monitoring and target setting tool for local government, contractors and managers.  d) BREMAP geographical information system for identifying best waste options.  See also BRE, BREMAP, BREWEB and SalvoMIE (separate listings above).  (Updated August 2004)

Source 4 You(T)
Tel 01926 498444  Fax 01926 493271
Email sales@source4you.co.ukpaul@source4u.co.uk   Website www.source4you.co.uk
The Holloway, Market Place, WARWICK, Warwickshire CV34 4SJ
Mobiles:  Richard 07745 385217,  Paul 07708 023742,  Colin 07766218934

Suppliers of reclaimed and reproduction building materials, sustainable and period architectural items.  Pioneers ‘cost-effective demolition’, a new approach to minimise waste by merging demolition and architectural salvage: in discussion with site owners and managers, estimates for demolition are combined with cash back from materials reclaimed, reused and resold.  Maximum recovery of salvageable goods from demolition of buildings from any period, giving financial benefits to site owners and developers; and ecological benefits by minimising waste and reusing resources.  Items are sourced and placed for a suitable new life.  This means local materials (bricks, stone, roofing) feed local demand, and rarer materials go where they are needed most.  Emphasises "ALL materials are considered suitable for re-use or re-work, whether whole brick (preferable), crushed brick; oak beams or carcassing timber.   Landfill and incineration are to be avoided."  Will organise reclaim, destination placement and sale for materials including:  brick and tile of every English period, rural and urban; doors & windows including Robert Adam; oak beams, rafters, joists, and panelling, from 16th century to green wood; reproduction joinery, metalwork and statuary; flagstones which may be local, regional, or originally from abroad; rare 17th C. oak panelling to pallet loads of 19th C. hand-made brick.  End-users range from architects to self-builders; projects include extensions and renovations of all building types, from modern semi to Stately Homes.  Resulting supply resources mirror this exactly, and case studies and sales synopses are available.  “The first option is reuse, giving highest values.  Too many demolitions send thousands of £1 bricks to hardcore.  But even if not reusable, due to say cement mortar, bricks can be crushed into tonnes of foundation material for drives etc:  better than paying higher demolition amounts, just to transport materials to tips which only transfer them on to landfill sites which destroy the countryside”.  For example: 8000 bricks at 10p each salvage raises £800 cash return for site owner / manager.  Often bricks can be worth over £1 each (yielding £8000).  Reclaim gives distinct advantages compared to a demolition charge of say £80 landfill tax and other costs to skip a 20 tonne load (£4 per ton).  The reclaim could fund the demolition and more.  Timber is another material of large reclaim value, which is often discarded or burned adding to waste costs.  “Good oak and other materials of great reuse value are wasted.”  Many items (windows, furniture, doors and handles…) represent even higher values on restoration projects.  "…where sensitivity prevails:  brick by brick if necessary;  not at all if unnecessary."  Products on website represent key materials.  Much more in stock, and access to unusual items.  Interior flooring, exterior paving (including blue paviours), building and landscape including copings and specials, roofing, doors (including stained glass casements), mouldings, and finishing touches including veranda, bridges, troughs, staddle and mill stones, even a Ukrainian well bucket.  Timbers include rail sleepers.  Samples of most items available, small charge made to cover post and packaging, redeemable if an order is placed.  Salvo Code Dealer. Clients include National Trust.  (Updated April 2005)

Thermo-Lignum UK Ltd

Tel 0208 964 3964
19 Grand Union Centre, West Row, Ladbroke Grove, LONDON W10 5AS

Eco-timber treatment of infested wood.

Viking Reclamations 
Tel / Fax 01302 835 449  Mobile 0777 8058 313
Website www.reclaimed.co.ukwww.lilysalvage.com
Email viking@reclaimed.co.uk
Cow House Lane, Armthorpe Industrial Estate, Armthorpe, DONCASTER, South Yorks DN3 3EE
Contact  Craig Lloyd

Specialist in reclaimed bricks, flooring, building materials and architectural salvage.  Demolition team.  Large warehouse and yard stocks, and access to almost endless supplies from demolition projects.  Oak skirting boards and architraves, flooring in various widths; period beams, kiln dried to 10% moisture content, tongue & grooved and planed ready to lay.  Ledge and braced doors made from oak floor boards.  Reclaimed pine.  Sells Osmo colourless oil which protects floors and wood.  150,000 reclaimed bricks, hand sorted, cleaned and palletised, early Tudor to late Victorian.  Guarantees no more than 10% wastage on bricks, tiles, cobble setts and flooring - or will replace damaged items.  1800's church and other gates, railings, gratings and gothic doors.  Stocks constantly change as do contacts.  Will look out for people's requirements (given for example using online form) and contact them.  Demolition team, fully insured, C.I.T.B. trained and certified - can dismantle any buildings, big or small.  Looks for buildings of reclamation value, offering low demolition costs by crediting back against the value of reclaimed materials (references available).  Stone masons team can re-create columns, windows, gothic arches, mullions, opulent stately home fireplaces, one off designs or tricky carved restoration repairs, to contemporary or traditional designs or clients' custom wishes.  All work uses original reclaimed materials and techniques. Stocks garden structures (including temples), follies, fountains, pews, cast columns, baths and bench sets, mirrors, sinks, taps, fire places.  Iron ware decoration, including doors and windows.  Victorian cooking ranges, and cast and other lamp posts.  Radiators, wall mounted or free standing, in black, silver and other colours complementing wood flooring.  King George VI/Victoria and other post and telephone boxes.  Ex-pub/hotel wall mounted lanterns.  Tuscan and other pillars and caps, corbels, bollards, saddlestones, and chimneys.  Suit of armour, swingboat, Dutch water barrell and other curios.  Website has ‘Web Exclusive’ bargains;  details including size measurements;  examples and pictures including colour variations (and ex-church windows incorporated into follies by customer).  Open Mon-Fri 9-5;  Sat 9-1.  Can offer appointments outside these hours.  (Extra information available.  Asks email enquirers to leave a contact number and check your email address - many enquiries left unreplied due to wrong information).  Salvo code dealers.  (Updated Feb 2005)


Website www.wastetraders.com  Email info@wastetraders.com

Online 'global' waste exchange, a trading service connecting waste producers with other waste consumers - promoting the use of one business's waste for another's raw material.  Wide variety of waste, from masonry to sand, polystyrene to packaging, timber to steel.  Employs expertise in environmental and waste management to help organisations reduce environmental and cost impacts of their processes and improve profitability.  To advertise waste available or wanted, you register as a member and are given a number to access the 'members only' section of the site. Wastetraders is wholly owned by E-volvenet Ltd, a company that exists to promote new technologies and sustainable development - website www.e-volve.org.uk
(Updated Nov 2003)

WRAP (Waste and Resources Action Programme)
Helpline freephone 0808 100 2040  Switchboard Tel 01295 819900  Fax 01295 819911 / 819917
Email  helpline@wrap.org.uk   Website  www.wrap.org.uk
The Old Academy, 21 Horse Fair, BANBURY, Oxon OX16 0AH

Not-for-profit body in the private sector, set up to remove barriers to sustainable waste minimisation (promotes home composting, retail and real nappies), re-use and recycling.  Works / liaises with community, public, private, and recycling and secondary materials sectors.  Seeks innovators and partners to accelerate resource efficiency, and create and develop stable, efficient markets for recycled materials and products.  Recycled Products Guide www.recycledproducts.org.uk is an easily searchable directory of over 3200 recycled products, from watering cans to clothing and waste bins to fences; runs forums, and info on recycled materials and related websites at http://www.recycledproducts.org.uk/buy-recycled/links.asp#top . Facilitates tenders and grants in many areas.   Working on glass, plastics, wood, paper, organics, aggregates, and other materials.  ROTATE (Recycling and Organics Technical Advisory Team) supports and advises local authorities on separate collection of dry recyclables and organic wastes; 'hands on' support customised to councils' needs;  Organics composted products information service.  eQuip Residual Value Guarantee (RVG) scheme helps recycling companies secure finance by guaranteeing future residual value of machinery, set up with a panel of banks and leasing companies who lease to the recycling sector.  Materials Pricing Report (produced by ICIS-LOR for WRAP) has up-to-date info on market prices of recyclables, to assist buying, and where to sell, recyclable materials.  AggRegain Service (section 21), uses Aggregates Levy funds for research / action to reduce demand for primary materials by encouraging aggregate reuse and recycling.  Recycle Now consumer awareness campaign launched 2004 (section 200).  Useful website has links to these schemes, and materials, business & finance, and procurement sections.  Supported by funding from DEFRA, the DTI and the devolved administrations of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland (see WasteBook entries under Central Government).  (Updated Feb 2005)