90  Contaminated land, water and air

This group of categories includes -

91  Litter and associated problems
92  Contaminated land remediation
93  Land restoration
94  Water supply, conservation and pollution
95  Effluent treatments
96  Atmospheric emissions
97  Bioremediation

Our industrial past and high population density mean that there is often pressure to redevelop sites previously contaminated by chemicals or a need for speedy action where effluents have passed to watercourses or may cause air pollution. These sections list organisations who may be able to help in this.

It is most important that we do not inadvertently cause more contamination for the future. This means taking care of our waste and avoiding spillages from tanks by ensuring they are carefully bunded, (ie there is an outer ‘tank’ outside the real tank, to hold inadvertent leakage, and that pipework is clearly labelled and runs above ground wherever possible (so any leak can be spotted quickly). It means taking a range of measures, such as ensuring that the drainage of yards or other areas where spills might occur is to the foul sewer, and ensuring all fork lift truck operators know the precautions necessary when handling drums and similar items. For more advice on this, and free leaflets, contact your local office of the Environment Agency.

Also see
Conversion to energy (190)
Energy use and climate change (450)

Alphabetical list of organisations

ADAS Consulting Limited
Tel 01865 842742 HQ, Oxford / 01480 52161 Cambridge Fax 01865 845055
Chequers Court, HUNTINGDON, Cambs PE18 6LT

Consultancy on restoring opencast mining sites to farmland, sports fields, golf courses, forestry, industrial development, and conservation areas. Expertise in soil and habitat management, drainage, landscaping; and in treatment systems such as anaerobic digestion to reduce pollution and odour,to kill pathogens and to yield biogas which can be burned to produce energy. Soil can be separated to yield a compostable solid. Researches and monitors recycling of paper sludge to agricultural land rather than landfill. Oversees 750,000 tonnes of such waste every year. ADAS HQ is at Oxford Spires Business Park, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1NZ.

Biffa Waste Services
Tel 01530 412829 Fax 01530 412716
The Grange, 80 Tamworth Road, ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCH, Leics LE65 2BW
E-Mail marketing@biffa.co.uk Website www.biffa.co.uk

Major waste management subsidiary of Severn Trent plc. Many of Biffa's landfill sites are licensed to accept contaminated soils from redevelopment of brownfield sites. Landfills are monitored to ensure minimum impact by pollutants on the environment. Biffa Environmental Technology offers analysis of contaminated land relating to planning applications and industrial waste sites.

Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
Tel 01793 442516  Fax 01793 442528
Website www.ceh-nerc.ac.uk  Email director@ceh.ac.uk 
CEH Swindon, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Polaris House, North Star Avenue, SWINDON, Wilts SN2 1EU

Centre of excellence for research in land and freshwater environmental sciences.  Specialist skills in wide range of environmental disciplines, ranging from smallest scale (the gene) to largest (whole Earth systems).  Research aims to improve understanding of the environment and the natural processes that underlie the Earth's support systems, eg climate & water resources.  Interested particularly in impacts of human activity on natural environments. Aims to generate workable solutions to pressing environmental problems.  Environmental Information Centre is a major custodian of UK environmental data, including national water archive, biological records centre, landcover map, environmental change network, countryside survey and butterfly monitoring.  Specialist products and services, modelling, statistics, publications for sale.  For many software products, much reduced charges for educational and non-commercial research.  Parent organisation: UK Natural Environment Research Council.  Swindon offfice houses Administration, Personnel, Finance, Estate Management.  Premises in Lancaster, Wales and Scotland.  Research facilities in south:
CEH Monks Wood, Abbots Ripton, Huntingdon, Cambs PE28 2LS.  Tel 01487 772400  Email monkswood@ceh.ac.uk  
Biological Records Centre, Earth Observation, Ecological Risk, Ecological Processes & Modelling

CEH Wallingford, Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8BB.  Tel 01491 838800  Email wallingford@ceh.ac.uk
Process hydrology, Water quality, Hydrological risks & resources 
CEH Dorset, Winfrith Technology Centre, Winfrith Newburgh, Dorchester, Dorset, DT2 8ZD.  Tel 01305 213500   Email dorset@ceh.ac.uk 
Population & Conservation Ecology, River Ecology
(Updated Nov 2005)

Community Composting Network
Tel / Fax 0114 258 0483 or 0114 255 3720 
Email info@communitycompost.org  Website www.communitycompost.org 
67 Alexandra Road, SHEFFIELD S2 3EE
Contact  Nick McAllister (Co-ordinator)

Organisation promoting environmental, social and economic benefits of community composting to government and public, supporting good practice examples.  Provides support, advice, representation and information, including health and safety, throughout UK to not-for-profit, locally accountable community composters working on very diverse projects, and those considering setting up a scheme.  Organises conferences, training courses; provides quarterly newsletter, publications, guidebooks and library.  230 members.  Membership 20 for not-for-profit community groups; 100 for affiliate members including LAs and suppliers within industry.  Also offers consultancy service.  (Updated Nov 2004)

Composting Association
Tel 0870 160 3270  Fax 0870 160 3280
Website www.compost.org.uk  Email membership@compost.org.uk
Avon House, Tithe Barn Road, WELLINGBOROUGH, Northants NN8 1DH
Contact   Tony Breton, Communications Manager

National not for profit membership body researching and promoting sustainable management / aerobic treatment of organic waste (a biodegradable resource containing micro-organisms) - otherwise known as composting.  This may be a way of treating pollutants before they are returned to the environment.  Encourages people to make and use soil- enriching composts.  Collects and spreads information for the trade, and works to set standards.  Provides a united voice in UK, promoting benefits of composting to government and public, but does not answer composting enquiries from non-members. Operates certification schemes for compost and compostable packaging.  700 members from all waste sectors, including large scale composters, local authorities, suppliers, users, academics, individuals and students.  Graduated membership fees.  Members get quarterly Composting News, discounted publications, free information service, use of library, access to directory and members' area on website, reductions for conferences / training workshops.  Visits by arrangement, no visitor parking.  Separate Scottish branch.  (Updated Nov 2004)

Cranfield University

Tel 01234 754056 Direct Line (24 hr ansaphone) Fax 01234 751671 E-mail c.temple@cranfield.ac.uk
Cranfield Water - Cranfield University, Clive Temple, Marketing Manager, Cranfield, BEDFORD MK43 0AL

'Cranfield Water' is the University's umbrella organisation, serving as an interface between Cranfield University and the international water and environment sector. It offers the market place an integrated approach, providing training and research services. Specialist areas include: water and effluent treatment, water recycling and reuse, soil and water engineering, irrigation management, water environment management, energy management.

Environment Agency

Tel 08708 506 506  Incident hotline 0800 807060  Floodline 0845 988 1188
Head Office Tel 01454 62440  Fax 01454 624409
Rio House, Waterside Drive, Aztec West, Almondsbury, BRISTOL BS12 4UD
Website www.environment-agency.gov.uk

Leading public and regulatory body with 800m budget, over half spent on flood defence.  Formed 1996 by amalgamating the National Rivers Authority, Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution, the former local authority waste regulation authorities, and several smaller government units.  Aims to provide high quality environmental protection and improvement through prevention, education and rigorous enforcement where necessary.  Divided into regions: Anglian | Midlands | North East | North West | South West | Southern | Thames | Wales.  Contact these via website.  Thames Regional Office: Kings Meadow House, Kings Meadow Road, Reading RG1 8DQ, Tel 01734 535000, Fax 01734 500388.  Waste and recycling facts at  www.environment-agency.gov.uk/yourenv/eff/resources_waste/213982/203620/?lang=_e   Also information on: State of the environment; A better quality of life; A greener business world;  Better waters; Conservation; Cleaner air for everyone; Climate change; Energy; Sustainable use of natural resources; Hazardous wastes; Agricultural wastes; Pesticides; Healthy soils; Reducing flood risk; Sustainability; Wildlife.   (Updated Feb 2005)

OFWAT (Office of Water Services)

Website www.ofwat.gov.uk  Email
Tel 0121 625 1300 / 1373  Fax 0121 625 1400
Centre City Tower, 7 Hill Street, BIRMINGHAM, West Mids B5 4UA
Contacts listed on website

Responsible for monitoring activities of companies appointed as water and sewerage undertakers, including charges and standards for services; encouraging economy and efficiency in the supply industry; adjudicating in certain disputes between companies and their customers.  Vision: a water industry that delivers a world-class service, representing best value to customers now and in the future.  Mission:  to regulate in a way that provides incentives and encourages the companies to achieve a world-class service in terms of quality and value for customers in England and Wales.  Website incorporates WaterVoice - aim: to be an effective and influential voice for water and sewerage customers in England and Wales, promoting their interests in respect of price, service and value for money.  Email enquiries@watervoice.org.uk   Phone and contact details for 10 regions on website.   For monitoring of water resources and flooding see Environment Agency(Updated May 2005)