60  Difficult or hazardous wastes 


NEWS
  


New era in managing hazardous waste

On 16 July 2005, new Hazardous Waste Regulations (and Waste Acceptance Criteria, or WAC) came into force in England and Wales with far-reaching effects.  These require most producers of hazardous waste to have registered with the Environment Agency (EA) by 16 July, otherwise they will have committed an offence.  Some premises are exempt (section 23 of the regulations) such as offices, shops, agricultural, dental, veterinary and medical practices as long as they produce less than 200kg of hazardous waste a year. 

Manufacturers must register with the EA regardless of the quantity produced, before they or a contractor can legally move any hazardous waste off site.  Pre-notification of movement is not required.

Producers must be able to describe exactly what their waste contains: this will determine what can be done to minimise it, ease its recovery or ensure its safe disposal. This brings the definition of hazardous waste in line with the EC Hazardous Waste Directive, adding 200 waste types (including fluorescent tubes, computer monitors and pesticides) to the hazardous waste list, which already included such wastes as oil, and lead batteries.  Source: www.edie.net, Resource Recovery Forum, and Environment Agency - for full text, email news@lcrn.org.uk  


A hazardous waste website has been set up to offer advice - www.hazardouswaste.org.uk 

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THE WASTEBOOK SAYS  
Fly-tipping is illegal, unsociable and unnecessary - don't even think about it.

There is a charge for every load of hazardous waste you take to landfill
BUT the organisations below may want to use your hazardous waste, 
or they could direct you to someone who does.

If you know someone who may be fly-tipping, PLEASE put them in touch with someone listed in THE WASTEBOOK who can help them.

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Electronic scrap explosion damaging health in China and India

Expansion of the global market for electrical and electronic products is accelerating, while lifespan of the products is dropping, resulting in an explosion of electronic scrap.  UNEP states (2005): "Every year, 20 to 50 million tonnes of electrical and electronic equipment waste (e-waste) are generated worldwide, which could bring serious risks to human health and the environment. 4 million PCs are discarded per year in China alone."  

E-waste recycling in much of Asia is largely unregulated: impacts on the environment, and the health of recycling workers and communities, are poorly studied.  A new Greenpeace report (Aug 2005) Toxic Tech: Recycling of electronic wastes in China and India: workplace and environmental contamination investigates workshops, wastewater, soil and sediment from local rivers, and shows conclusively that all stages in processing electronic waste enable toxic chemicals, including heavy metals, to be released into the workplace and the environment.  Despite an EU ban on exports of hazardous waste, including electronic waste, to developing countries, this material is increasingly being sent to Asia from Europe illegally.  Samples from both indoor dusts and river sediment were abundant in toxic heavy metals, precious metals, and organic contaminants such as flame retardants and PCBs.  For all dusts collected from workshops in China, lead concentrations were hundreds of times higher than typical levels for indoor dusts in other parts of the world.  Lead is highly toxic, builds up in the body and can have irreversible effects on the nervous system.

The study shows that contamination is a direct result of the use of hazardous materials in electronic goods manufacture.  It strongly suggests a need to redesign and reformulate all new electronic goods to facilitate proper dismantling and component separation; and to avoid use of hazardous chemical components at source.  The WEEE Directive, and Restrictions on Hazardous Substances (RoHS), apply only in the EU and cover only a fraction of the hazardous substances used.  The study illustrates the urgent need for manufacturers to develop and design clean products with longer lifespans, that are safe and easy to repair, upgrade and recycle, and will not expose workers or the environment to hazardous chemicals.  Full report at www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/international/press/reports/recyclingelectronicwasteindiachinafull.pdf 

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S
ections 60 - 68 deal with difficult, hazardous or 'special' wastes, 
and how to recycle or safely dispose of them.


Difficult wastes are those which can be harmful to human health or the environment, or where the physical properties of the wastes create serious handling problems.  Hazardous waste is a commonly used term, but British legislation is in terms of ‘special wastes’ and ‘clinical wastes.’  Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) can be defined as "Any material discarded by a household which is difficult to dispose of or which puts human health or the environment at risk because of its chemical or biological nature."  HHW can also contaminate recyclable and compostable waste streams, landfill leachate, and incinerator ash and emissions.  See National Household Hazardous Waste Forum below. 

New rules from 16 July 2004 mean hazardous and non-hazardous waste cannot be disposed of in the same place.  Industry must reduce or recycle waste instead of relying on dumping it in a landfill site, and to pre-treat  hazardous waste to prepare forimplementation of Waste Acceptance Criteria in July 2005, while setting limits on contamination of waste in landfill sites.  Costs of transport and disposal of hazardous waste are set to rise.

Of the 5.2 million tonnes of hazardous waste produced annually, two million tonnes (39 percent) are currently landfilled.
According to estimates, from 16 July 2004, 12-15 merchant landfill sites have the capacity to take in over one million tonnes of hazardous waste.  A further 400,000 - 600,000 tonnes of stable, non-reactive hazardous waste can be stored in separate cells in non-hazardous landfill sites.

Technologies are available to minimise, reduce or remediate nearly all types of hazardous waste. 
Asbestos (section 66) is seen as a stable non-reactive waste and can be disposed of in a separate cell in a standard landfill site.

In 2003, 14 percent of all serious pollution incidents were due to flytipping.  This poses an environmental and health risk, and courts take an increasingly serious line on flytipping prosecutions.

2004 saw a 45 percent increase in disposal of contaminated soil (a significant hazardous waste stream) to landfill to16 July, showing that people in industry are fully aware of the new rules. 

Defining and dealing with wastes
The Special Waste Regulations 1996 (as amended) were introduced following European legislation and designed to incorporate and meld British practices with European requirements, so they are quite cumbersome.  The Duty of Care places producers of waste under a duty to ensure their wastes are handled, treated and disposed of in a proper manner. For this to be done, managers must monitor their wastes, and, where necessary, arrange for sampling of potentially toxic materials. The Special Waste Regulations presume that wastes have been sampled, as many requirements only follow where wastes contain over a certain percentage of particular harmful constituents. 

The question, ‘Is this waste Special?’ can be answered by following the procedures in the legislation.  First, checking if that particular material is listed with a 6-figure code in Appendix 1 to the regulations and then checking if it has any of the hazardous properties listed in Appendix 2 [explosive; oxidising; highly flammable; flammable; irritant; harmful; toxic; carcinogenic; corrosive; infectious; teratogenic; mutagenic; ecotoxic]. 

If the answer to both questions is ‘yes’ the waste is special and the regulations apply.  In practice, enquiring either of the Environment Agency or a specialist contractor should give you the answer.  Oils, for example, are special wastes, as are asbestos, organochlorinated wood preservatives, solvents, pesticides, etc.

Special wastes must be ‘consigned’ and can only go to suitably licensed sites; all the responsibility for the records of this - the consignment notes - rests with the producer of the special waste.  Before special waste is moved, a consignment note must be filled in and the Environment Agency prenotified, 3 working days and not more than a month before the movement.  In this way the authorities know the wastes are going to a suitable place, and, if necessary, can trace back where wastes came from.  Consignment notes have a code number, which must be purchased from the Environment Agency (Codes starting EA are ordinary and cost £15; codes starting EB are for Batteries from motor vehicles and cost £10; codes starting EC are for Carrier’s rounds, or for hazardous waste coming off a ship in harbour to reception facilities, or for returning out-of-spec materials to the original supplier, and are free.  Codes starting SA, SB or SC are issued in Scotland.)  A consignment note must be filled in for each waste movement, ie if a transfer station is used then the process must be followed twice.  There are arrangements for real emergencies - ring your local Agency office - but don’t regard this as a soft option - all such emergencies are monitored carefully.

The producer (the business, also known as the consignor) fills in the white (prenotification) copy, describing the waste carefully, giving its classification code and hazard code and sends this copy to the Agency office covering the site where the waste is to go.  When the waste is collected, the carrier (the lorry driver) fills in their part and the consignor signs the sheets and keeps the green copy (for 3 years).  The lorry driver gives the sheets to the operator of the incinerator or landfill site, etc, who fills in more details; the lorry driver keeps the orange copy, the operator keeps the pink copy and then sends the yellow one off to the Agency office where it is matched with the white.  (The consignee must keep a register containing a copy of each consignment note for 3 years).  This is a basic system in an electronic age!  For full details, ask your local Agency office for the full set of leaflets describing the Special Waste Regulations; they are free.

DIFFICULT WASTE STORAGE TIPS
Always store wastes in sound containers with adequate aisle space to allow proper inspection and movement of forklift trucks, etc if necessary.  Ensure there is adequate bunding.  Inspect at least weekly for leaks, deteriorating containers and any other problems.  Record inspection findings in a log book with the name of the person doing the inspection, the date and what was done to correct any problems.  Spill procedures should include instructions on what to do when hazardous materials are spilled (e.g. block drain, contain material with absorbent, call the emergency numbers,) the type of personal protection equipment needed for cleaning spills, the location of spill clean-up supplies, how to neutralize particular chemicals and procedures for disposing of wastes should a spill occur.

LABORATORY WASTE REDUCTION TIP  
Link your chemical purchasing to anticipated laboratory tests and demonstrations.  See if substitute experiments can be done that use non-hazardous chemicals or use less of the hazardous ones.

HAZARDOUS WASTE AT HOME
Go to the NHWF (National Household Hazardous Waste Forum) Virtual House to see if you’ve got any hazardous waste lying around at home, in the house, garden or car – you’ll  find out how to dispose of it safely.  www.nhhwf.org.uk/pages/inter_house.htm 


Alphabetical list of organisations


Alan Hadley Ltd
 
Tel 01635 587300  Freephone 0800 521 099  Fax 01635 876535  
Website www.hadleys.co.uk  Email sales@hadleys.co.uk
Fenton House, Unit 19 Colthrop Business Park, Colthrop Lane, THATCHAM, Berks RG19 4NB
Contact  Chris Sutton (Sales Manager)

Reprocessor of hardcore, crushed concrete and brick, reclaimed graded topsoil, planings, selected granular fill material.  Policy is to recycle materials whenever possible and offer preferential disposal rates over landfill.  Fine and washed sands used for topdressings, equestrian purposes and golf courses.  Skip and lorry hire. 15 min from M4 junction 12.  (Updated Aug 2005)


BFI Waste Systems Ltd

Tel 01753 662700 Fax 01753 662464
The Pickeridge, Stoke Common Road, FULMER, Bucks SL3 6HA

Integrated company operating throughout England and Wales via network of 44 sites.  Policy of actively encouraging waste minimisation and recycling via various reporting systems providing analysis and monitoring of waste streams.  Collection and disposal of commercial, domestic and industrial wastes; special liquid and solid waste disposal; domestic refuse and household waste collection; gully cleaning and street sweeping; community recycling (MRFs); landfills in Yorkshire, Midlands and south of England. ESA member.  Collect fluorescent tubes for recycling in Manchester by Mercury Recycling Ltd.


Biffa Waste Services

Freephone 0800 307307  Tel 01494 521221 / 08000 858286  Fax 01494 463368
Website www.biffa.co.uk  Email recycling@biffa.co.uk  
Coronation Road, Cressex Industrial Estate, HIGH WYCOMBE, Bucks HP12 3TZ

Major waste collection and handling company, committed to promotion of waste reduction, reuse and increasing recycling.   Handles about 10% of UK's waste.  Operates over 140 sites, and tries to manage them to conserve and enhance biodiversity.  Biffa has developed treatment processes for organic and inorganic aqueous waste, clinical wastes, on-site treatment technologies, emergency spillage clean up services, sewer surveying, water jetting, industrial services, and drainage system support services. Backtrack nationwide collection service for small quantities of hazardous wastes such as fluorescent tubes (recycled in Manchester by Mercury Recycling), sodium lamps, asbestos, aerosols, lead acid batteries, oil and fuel filters, contaminated rags, antifreeze, brake fluids.  Environmental audits and recommendations.  Waste streams collected for recycling include: oil, organic and garden waste, batteries, fluorescent lamps, toner cartridges, electrical equipment, paint, special and chemical waste, paper and card.  Diverted over 600,000 tonnes of waste from landfill for recycling in 2000.  National cardboard recycling scheme operated jointly with SCA Recycling from 58 collection centres in England and Wales.  Container sizes and collection schedules to suit all types of customer, including small users prepared to separate cardboard from general waste; provides typical disposal cost savings of about 20%.  Several publications.  Has a respected landfill tax credit scheme, Biffaward.  Hazpack and Backtrack services for packaged waste. Runs Biffpack, a leading waste packaging compliance scheme.   (Updated Oct 2004)


Cleanaway Ltd
Tel 0151 537 3377 Fax 0151 355 3656
Chemical Waste Office, Bridges Road, Ellesmere Port, South Wirral, CHESHIRE L65 4EQ

National collection, treatment, recycling and disposal of automotive liquid and solid wastes. 'Ecoservice' provides specialist handling of waste such as electronic equipment, fluorescent tubes, hydraulic fluids, mercury, paint, non-clinical pharmaceuticals, photographic and port wastes.


Communities Against Toxics

Tel 0151 339 5473 Fax 0151 201 6780 E-mail ralph@tcpublications,freeserve,co.uk
PO Box 29, ELLESMERE PORT, Cheshire L66 3TX

Nationwide organisation of local groups promoting clean methods in industry. Supplies waste disposal information concerning toxic, clinical and municipal waste, and facts about health and environmental concerns. Bi-monthly newsletter.  Founder member of Zero Waste Alliance UK because of concerns about incineration. (Updated May 2001)


Community Re>Paint 

Tel 0113 243 8777 Fax 0113 234 4222
Email mail@swap-web.co.uk  mark@swap-web.co.uk  Website www.communityrepaint.org.uk  
SWAP, 74 Kirkgate, LEEDS, West Yorks LS2 7DJ
Contact  Mark Gregory, Community Re>Paint Co-ordinator, 0113 200 3951

Of 410 million litres of paint sold each year in the UK ( trade and domestic), 80 million litres (enough to fill 50 Olympic-sized swimming pools) are stored, hoarded in garages or wasted.  Paint can also come from traders, painters and decorators and retail.  When thrown "away", it has until recently been disposed of in landfill.  Community Re>Paint provides a practical solution to this waste stream that is environmentally and socially beneficial.  It is a national network of schemes which diverts one of the most common types of Hazardous Household Waste - unwanted paint - from the waste stream, sorts and redistributes it free for re-use by community groups, charities, and people on low incomes.  About 70 local paint schemes operate around the UK - case studies on website.   Householders can donate surplus paint at drop- off points (usually a walk-in skip) such as a DIY store, civic amenity site, facilities at council or parish offices, kerbside collection, or direct delivery to the scheme's base.  Community Re>Paint schemes are usually run by voluntary groups but with active support from local authorities, DIY retailers and waste management companies.  SWAP offers a £3000 capital grant, promotional material and advice and support on set up and operation.  Main needs are collection site, portakabin or shipping container, and staff, time and finances to keep the scheme going.  The initiative has provided technical advice, training, promotional assistance and some capital grant funding to start local collection schemes.  Website has details of local schemes.  Examples (WasteBook section 82) are ECT and Newbury Community Furniture Project.  Community Re>Paint won Best Minimisation Project at Biffaward Awards 2000.  Unacceptable materials: Paint thinners, brush cleaners, stripper, varnishes and wood stains, preservatives and treatments, car and industrial paint, aerosol and spray paint, paint not in its original container.  Usable paint: emulsion, gloss, eggshell, satin, silk, undercoat, primer, floor, masonry and exterior paint, plus end-of-line paint from retailers.  The national network was begun in 1992, and is co-ordinated by, Save Waste And Prosper, an organisation specialising in sustainable resource management, waste minimisation and recycling.   (Updated Aug 2005)


Croda Solvents Ltd

Tel 01977 677161 Fax 01977 671115
Weeland Road, KNOTTINGLEY, West Yorks WF11 8DZ

Recovery of waste solvents from paint, ink, resin and packaging.  Plant recycles streams which have previously been difficult to recover.  CRA member.


Duston Oils Ltd

Tel 01604 753397 Fax 01604 759360
70-80 Port Road, New Duston, NORTHAMPTON NN5 6NL

Collection and recycling of chlorinated solvents, waste oil and filters.  Hazardous waste disposal.


Edelchemie

Tel 01858 469001  Fax 01858 469002
Website www.edelchemie.com  Email  mail.uk@edelchemie.com 
Holland House, Valley Way, Welland Industrial Estate, MARKET HARBOROUGH, Leics LE16 7PS

Nationwide collection and processing of precious and non-ferrous metals and hazardous waste, particularly from photographic and printing industry wastes, including film processing solutions, film and paper; residues from on-site recovery operations; medical x-ray film; aluminium lithoplates.  Website lists waste types handled, some basic admin procedures, and directions/map.  Chemical photo waste may qualify for free collection.  Assists clients to reduce and segregate waste, maximise recycling and achieve most environmentally safe disposal.  Aims to minimise use of primary raw materials and avoid producing new waste products.   In-house treatment where appropriate, eg detoxification of cyanide-bearing plating chemicals, and partnerships with third parties.  Treatment may include mineralisation by pyrolysis, vitrification and chemical flue gas cleaning to cut emissions.  Collections and quotations can be arranged online.  Also operates in Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.  (Updated Jan 2006)


Environment Agency

Tel 08708 506 506  Incident hotline 0800 807060  Floodline 0845 988 1188
Head Office Tel 01454 62440  Fax 01454 624409
Rio House, Waterside Drive, Aztec West, Almondsbury, BRISTOL BS12 4UD
Website www.environment-agency.gov.uk

Leading public and regulatory body with £800m budget, over half spent on flood defence.  Formed 1996 by amalgamating the National Rivers Authority, Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution, the former local authority waste regulation authorities, and several smaller government units.  Aims to provide high quality environmental protection and improvement through prevention, education and rigorous enforcement where necessary.  Divided into regions: Anglian | Midlands | North East | North West | South West | Southern | Thames | Wales.  Contact these via website.  Thames Regional Office: Kings Meadow House, Kings Meadow Road, Reading RG1 8DQ, Tel 01734 535000, Fax 01734 500388.  Waste and recycling facts at  www.environment-agency.gov.uk/yourenv/eff/resources_waste/213982/203620/?lang=_e   Also information on: State of the environment; A better quality of life; A greener business world;  Better waters; Conservation; Cleaner air for everyone; Climate change; Energy; Sustainable use of natural resources; Hazardous wastes; Agricultural wastes; Pesticides; Healthy soils; Reducing flood risk; Sustainability; Wildlife.   (Updated Feb 2005)


Firbank Recycling Ltd

Tel 01582 475500 Fax 01582 664117
Email sales@firbanks.ltd.uk  Website www.firbanks.ltd.uk 
Blackburn Road, Townsend Industrial Estate, Houghton Regis, DUNSTABLE, Beds LU5 5BQ

General waste disposal contractor operating transfer station, container hire and bulk collections.  Deals with all general wastes and special wastes including toxics, chemicals, solvents, oils and medicines.  Advice and consultancy on all aspects of solid and liquid waste disposal.  Collects segregated cardboard and office waste paper, providing significantly reduced disposal costs for most companies.  Also recycles cans and woodchips. (Updated Feb 2001)


Grundon S (Ewelme) Ltd

Tel 01491 839212 Fax 01491 832272
Goulds Grove, Ewelme, WALLINGFORD, Oxon OX10 6PJ

Integrated company also trading as S Grundon (Waste) Ltd at Colnbrook, Berks. Six sites, mainly in Oxfordshire and Berks. Collection and disposal of all classes of dry waste and liquid by tanker or drum; clinical waste collection and incineration; landfill site and MRF operation. ESA member. Collect fluorescent tubes to be recycled in Manchester by Mercury Recycling Ltd.


Hazchem Waste Disposal
Tel  07000 429243  0870 7542 9243  01252 524300  Fax 01252 327214
Website  www.chemical-waste.co.uk   Email  sales@chemical-waste.co.uk 
18a Government Road Industrial Park ALDERSHOT, Hants GU11 2DX 
Contact  Norman Kemp, proprietor

Small scale collection from London, Home Counties and Midlands of all chemical and hazardous wastes (eg refrigerants, oils) for disposal.  Wastes recycled wherever possible.  Website lists 'special wastes' the company is licensed to handle.  Free advice on appropriate disposal; analysis of unknown waste; drums provided, and laboratory smalls packing service.  Also recycles lamps including fluorescent tubes through associated company The Lamp Recycling Company (see section 68).  (Updated June 2004)


Lenval (Essex) Ltd
Tel 01375 640344  Fax 01375 640331
Email lenval@btconnect.com  Website www.lenval.co.uk  
KT House, Stanhope Industrial Park, Wharf Road, STANFORD-LE-HOPE, Essex SS17 0EH
Contact  Mr K Turp

Licensed thermal insulation, demolition and removal of asbestos and other toxic waste for business.  Energy conservation.  Founded 1970.  ARCA member. (Updated Aug 2002)


Matrix-Direct-Recycle
Tel  01923 266003     Fax 01923 264631
Website
www.m-d-recycle.co.uk  Email Stalbans@m-d-recycle.co.uk 
Merrydown, Commonwood, Herts WD4 9BA

Contact 
 David Lewsey

Licensed collector and recycler of boxed WEEE (waste electrical and electronic equipment) and hazardous electrical waste.  Dismantles old equipment such as computers, monitors, peripherals, printers (all types), scanners, TVs, video recorders, hi-fi, microwave ovens, telephones, small electrical appliances, garden equipment, electronic toys, office equipment (eg photocopiers, shredders, binders, laminators) back to separate components, sorted according to material  (eg metals, glass, plastics).  No refurbishment or re-use.  Tracking at every stage of process.  Hazardous materials such as lead removed for recycling by specialist contractors (see sections 43, 60).  Skips of circuit boards, wire etc taken to specialist refineries where raw materials are reclaimed for use in new equipment such as power tools, vacuum cleaners, fuseboxes, fax machines, modems.  Fixed cost charges - see website.  Consultancy on new hazardous waste regulations.  Franchises and training.  Head Office: Unit 1-3 Newland Trade Park, Kirkheaton, Huddersfield, West Yorks HD5 0JS, Tel 0800 197 8857, info@m-d-recycle.co.uk   (Updated Dec 2005)


McNicholas plc 
Tel 0208 200 0303  Fax 0208 205 6767
Email info@mcnicholas.plc.uk  Website www.mcnicholasplc.com  
McNicholas House, Kingsbury Road, LONDON NW9 8XE
Contact  Mr K O'Melley

Operates training centre.  Licensed thermal insulation, demolition and asbestos removal contractor to business.  Building, civil and utilities engineering.  Also at Redditch, Midlands; and Ashford, Kent.  ISO9002 accredited.  ARCA member.  (See also Asbestos section 60;  and Assistance, Advice and Consultants section 210.)  (Updated Aug 2002)


Mercury Recycling Ltd

Tel 0161 877 0977  Fax 0161 877 0390
Email info@mercuryrecycling.co.uk  Website www.mercuryrecycling.co.uk 
Unit G, Canalside North, John Gilbert Way, Trafford Park, MANCHESTER M17 1DP

Collection and recycling nationwide, through a network of collectors or directly, of fluorescent tubes, sodium lamps and all forms of lighting, lamps and bulbs.  Website states mercury from one fluorescent tube can pollute 30,000 litres of water beyond a safe level for drinking.   Only UK company with the equipment (made in Sweden) to recycle lighting by separating components - mainly glass, metal and mercury (predominantly from fluorescent tubes).  Operates 'Lampsafe' (for tubes 2' to 8') and 'Bulbsafe' service (for compact fluorescents, 2-Ds, halogens and mercury vapour lamps - container takes up to 400 bulbs and is collected free), providing special containers.  Also deals with other waste that bears mercury, such as button cell batteries (particularly from hearing aids), thermometers, barometers, manometers (pressure gauges), dental amalgam.  Mercury supplier and consultancy.  Byproducts go to other industries for use as raw materials or further recycling.  Works with Biffa in contract to recycle 1 million lamps from government buildings.  Plant opened 1998.  Plans to open a second site in the south of England.  (Updated Sep 2004)


National Environmental Technology Centre
Tel 01235 521840 / 463806 Fax 01235 463001
Culham, ABINGDON, Oxon OX14 3DB

DTI sponsored research establishment, formed by merger of Warren Spring Laboratory with AEA Technology. Expertise in sample analysis of municipal and other mixed wastes and plant design for separation of recyclables and large scale composting. Offers a comprehensive and integrated package of science and engineering based environmental services ranging from monitoring the environment to developing motor plant engineering services.


National Household Hazardous Waste Forum

Tel 0113 246 7584  Fax 0113 234 4222
Website www.nhhwf.org.uk
7A Kirkgate, LEEDS, West Yorks LS2 7DJ

Household hazardous waste (HHW - definition in editorial above) can contaminate recyclable and compostable waste streams, landfill leachate, and incinerator ash and emissions.  Forum of manufacturers, retailers, local authorities and voluntary organisations, established 1993, developing policy and good practice, and seeking practical solutions to managing HHW.  This includes packaging, collection, recycling and safe disposal.  Proactive in influencing policy through constructive dialogue with government departments, industry associations and non-governmental bodies.  Researches new ways of managing HHW ahead of legislative deadlines.  Although focusing on domestic waste, Forum also considers municipal hazardous waste arising from small quantity generators in commercial sector.  Working groups on paint, oil, batteries and collection arrangements.  Runs seminars and workshops throughout the year.  Quarterly meetings and bulletin - three a year, free to members. Published good practice guide for disposal of awkward or potentially dangerous household products. Free to subscribers.  Website has latest developments and good practice examples.  Case studies at http://www.nhhwf.org.uk/pages/case-studies.htm   Visit the Virtual House www.nhhwf.org.uk/pages/inter_house.htm to see if you’ve got any hazardous waste lying around at home, in the house, garden or car – you’ll  find out how to dispose of it safely.  (Updated Nov 2005)


Onyx Leigh Commercial

Tel 01543 452121 Freephone 0800 626274 24 hour emergency hotline Fax 01543 452343
London Road, Brownhills, WALSALL, West Mids WS8 7BB

Integrated company with 40 sites throughout Britain including St Albans (2), Colchester and Gerrards Cross, Bucks. Collection, disposal and treatment of all types of solid and liquid waste including asbestos, PCBs, sewage sludge, special wastes and tyres. Operates landfills; oil and solvent recovery and aqueous organic waste treatment plants; high pressure jetting; drain, sewage and tank cleaning; chemical decontamination; hazardous and clinical waste incineration or treatment; tyre crumbing; 24 hour emergency service for chemical explosion or spillage; land decontamination and reclamation. ESA member.


Recycle Force Ltd 
Tel 01536 790007  Fax 01536 799132  Mobile 07835211829
Email sales@recycleforce.co.uk 
23 Symonds Way, MAWSLEY, Northants NN14 1GW 
Contact  Rob Kirk

Container-based or loose collection and recycling services, from fluorescent lamps to special waste, any quantity.  Fully licensed recycling facilities used for all waste.  Independent help and advice for disposal, to government guidelines;  'more forms of materials are recognised every year by the Environment Agency as 'special' or 'hazardous';  it is important they are identified and dealt with properly on reaching end of original life.'  Baled waste:  collection which does not need skips or containers, for cardboard, paper, plastics, etc - two services:   1) for small-medium businesses with little storage, collects any size and quantity bales of recyclable materials, both "one off" or regular collections of one bale or more (NB 'many waste companies only collect quantities exceeding 5000kg');   2) large volume bale collection, loaded at premises onto curtain sided trailer, taken for recycling.  A trailer can be placed on site for loading when waste is baled.  Non-obligatory quotations, and waste management guidance.  Compactors, balers, containers and any other waste handling equipment provided to requirements.  For lamps of all types, including fluorescent and sodium, purpose built containers are available for storage on premises, exchanged when full, or clients can use own storage.  Shredding service for confidential waste, taken to be destroyed immediately at fully licensed recycling centre.  Various "Proofs of Shredding" available, including video.  Certificate of destruction issued for customer records, entire process documented and waste transfer notes issued.  Aims to reduce landfill charges, enable clients to comply with current legislation, help preserve and improve our environment, and provide best possible advice and guidance.  Attempts to constantly source new avenues of recycling as uses are being found for more and more materials after their first intended life.  (Updated Nov 2005)


REG (UK) Ltd
Tel 01895 444714
191 High Street, Yiewsley, WEST DRAYTON, Middlesex

Member of the Tyres Continental Group. Tyres and automotive workshop waste collection on toll basis with recycling where possible. Suitable tyres are passed on for retreading. Those unsuitable are used at Elm Energy's West Midland waste to energy plant.


Robinson PJ & PW

Tel 01277 810873 (24hr service)
Blue House Farm, West Horndon, BRENTWOOD, Essex CM13

Liquid waste recycling and disposal; spillages and pollution control; jetting.


Shanks Group plc
Freephone 0800 0282877  Tel 01908 650650  Fax 01908 650699
Website www.shanks.co.uk  Email info@shanks.co.uk or customerservices@shanks.co.uk
Head Office, Dunedin House, Mount Farm, Auckland Park, MILTON KEYNES MK1 1BU

Major waste management group which developed from landfills at London Brick Company workings in Beds and North Bucks, and now operates nationwide.  Main activities: collection, transport, recycling, reprocessing, composting, transfer and disposal by incineration or landfill of domestic, commercial and industrial wastes.  Disposal of difficult and contaminated wastes, incineration of hazardous organic chemicals.  Operates MRF (Materials Recycling Facility) transfer stations.  Major transporter of waste by rail and road. Operates local recycling banks.  Construction waste (aggregate) is screened for reuse.  Fuels blended from waste, and solvents recovered from solvent wastes. Recycled newspaper shredded for animal beddingSold landfill and landfill gas waste to energy assets in June 2004 to Terra Firma, owners of Waste Recycling Group.  Building two high-tech Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) "bio-MRFs" waste plants at Havering to manage some of East London's annual 500,000 tonnes of waste.  Plans 4 EcoDeco "Bio-MRF" plants at Newton Longville, Milton Keynes.  Statements on environmental policy and corporate social responsibility on website.  Sites in northern England, Scotland, Belgium and Netherlands. Those in south-east include -
Group Office  
Astor House, Station Road, Bourne End, Bucks SL8 5YP 
Tel 01628 524523
Elstow Transfer Station / Recycling / Education Centre 
Wilstead Road, Elstow, Bedford, Beds MK42 9YU  Tel 01234 327029 Fax 01234 354997  sarah.molloy@shanks.co.uk)  
Stewartby Treatment Plant
Green Lane, Stewartby, Beds MK43 9LY  Tel 01234 768520
Aylesbury Transfer Station 
Corrib Industrial Park, Griffin Lane, Aylesbury, Bucks HP19 8BP  Tel 01296 485642
Fawley Office / Incineration  
Charleston Road, Hardley, Southampton, Hants SO45 3ZA  Tel 02380 883500

Boughton Quarry
Brampton Lane, Boughton, Northants NN6 8AA  Tel 01604 821958
Hitchin Transfer Station

Burymead Road, Hitchin, Herts SG5 1RT  Tel 01462 441160
Shanks East London Divisional Office   
Rainham House, 2nd Floor, New Road, Rainham, Essex RM13 8RA  Tel 01708 527120
Website www.shanks.co.uk/eastlondon  (Several sites in Essex)

(Updated Oct 2004)


SWR Marketing Ltd

Tel 0208 501 0060
11-17 Fowler Road, Hainault Industrial Estate, HAINAULT, Essex IG6 3UJ

Research company which has developed a process of carbon bed vitrification for various waste streams and for recycling purposes. Interested in developing its uses in fields such as tyres, autofluff, plastics, foam, sewage, sludge and metal refining.


Wastecare (GB) Ltd

Tel 01438 759850 Fax 01438 759855
Email sales@wastecare.demon.co.uk  Website www.wastecare.demon.co.uk 
Cagex House, Leydon Road, STEVENAGE, Herts SG1 2BP

Small specialist disposal contractor for all types of toxic and difficult waste including solvents, asbestos, chemicals, medicines, aerosols, pesticides, batteries, fluorescent tubes and confidential papers. Also undertake site decontamination and provide general waste management consultancy.  (Updated Aug 2002)