13  Used vegetable oils and fats, and biodiesel


Waste oil law not being enforced
New regulations to control disposal of used cooking oils are not being enforced by local authorities, according to a survey by catering equipment manufacturer Aga Foodservice.  Caterersearch reports that the group found only 14% (or four) of 27 borough, city and district councils questioned had a clear understanding of the rules that came into effect in October 2004.  Three councils said they had never heard of the regulations, which require caterers to pay authorised collectors to take away used oils, and six others admitted they were doing nothing to enforce them. Aga claims many small restaurants and snack bars are still pouring used oils down the drain, creating costly blockages.  

For health reasons it is best that frying oils are not used repeatedly.  Solidified fat can also block drains so it is not advisable to pour oils and fats down the sink.  If oil is poured down sinks or drains it can cause blockages for both your premises and  neighbours, and can pollute water over a wide area.  Oil cans placed in dustbins and wheelies often leak and can be dangerous for refuse collectors.  Before oil is collected you should store it in containers which do not leak, keep them covered and keep the surrounding area clean.

Oil is one of the most commonly reported types of water pollution, causing nearly a quarter of all pollution incidents.  Careless disposal of oil into drainage systems, onto land or to watercourses is an offence.  It can harm river birds, fish and other wildlife.  Although oil breaks down in water, the process uses up vast amounts of oxygen that would have remained in the waterways for wildlife.

Because of the way oil spreads, even a small quantity can cause a lot of harm. It is estimated that UK caterers produce between 50 - 90 million litres of waste cooking oil each year.  If this is not disposed of correctly the effects of oil pollution on the environment could be quite devastating.

Collection and processing
Several companies operate collection schemes for used oil from catering premises - those in the south east of England are listed below.  Some supply virgin or other oils as a replacement.  Cooking oil is also collected at some civic amenity sites.

Legal requirements
Used cooking oil is a listed waste substance and must be disposed of via a licensed collector.  All collectors had to undergo HACCP auditing to supply to the animal feed industry, and received a PAI (Product Authentication Inspectorate) number.  To be a Registered Waste Carrier to collect waste oil costs around £100.  Processing involves heating, cleaning, filtering.  To process it, a Waste Management Licence costs around £4000.

Hydrogenated oils
Some oils are put through a hydrogenation process.  Hydrogenated oils, or transfats, are less desirable on health grounds - they are of no nutritional value.  Yet they are used as a food additive in most processed and fast foods, plus most biscuits and sweets.  Most people receive more of these fats than recommended limits for daily digestion, including guidelines suggested by the Government.  When these hardened fats enter your body it is harder to get rid of them, and the build up can increase risks of heart disease.  It is worth looking at food labelling to avoid them.  

Changing times
Due to increased regulation, introduced due to the Belgium dioxin and French sewage problems in 1999, many collectors of waste oil have left the industry.  The material used to have some value.  But collectors now have to charge to remove it; or they include a disposal cost in the price of new oil, which many firms also now supply to keep their businesses profitable.  

There has been discussion at EU level as to whether re-use of oil should be banned.  This would have had serious environmental implications.  From autumn 2004 it is no longer permitted to re-use waste oil as animal feed.  Used vegetable oils can be used to burn in power stations, producing fairly 'clean' energy.  Or they may be used as a lubricant.  The main positive news is that it can now be used as biodiesel, which may contribute to reducing the damaging effects of transport on the climate.

Climate change is likely to bring extreme and catastrophic weather events such as flooding, storms, drought; loss of vulnerable species unable to adapt to climate change or habitat loss; a global rise in sea levels endangering human populations and habitats. 

All organisations listed below that transport or deal with waste oils are waste carriers licensed by the Environment Agency (section 610).

Professor Rudolf Diesel who invented the diesel engine ran it on peanut oil.  Biodiesel can now be made from used or new vegetable oil.  Using this organic fuel has several environmental advantages over conventional diesel, and can be used directly in any diesel engine without modification.  It is an immediate way to behave sustainably: 

1  Carbon dioxide produced in burning the fuel is to a large extent offset by that absorbed by the growing plant used to produce the oil. As the carbon is already in the system, biodiesel can be said to be largely carbon neutral. Unlike fossil fuels, it does not contribute to a net increase in greenhouse gas CO2 often blamed for global warming
2   Non-toxic and readily bio-degradable; petroleum diesel by contrast is highly toxic and does not readily degrade
3   Biodiesel produces significantly less polluting substances from the tailpipe - the fumes smell of French fries in contrast to petroleum diesel fumes 
4   Dependent on renewable resources
5   Biodiesel can be made from recycled materials that are often dumped, keeping resources in the system
6   Produceable locally - less reliant on distribution which is often polluting.

Biodiesel is a proven fuel with over 20 years' use in Europe.  It is far less dangerous to store and transport than mineral diesel because it is non-toxic, readily biodegradable, and has a much higher flash point than mineral diesel.  EU Directive 2003/30/EU has set a target of 2% biofuel use by end 2005 and 5.75% by end 2010. For the UK, the first target would mean about 800,000 tonnes of biofuel.  Currently this could only be met by massive imports. 

There is now a wealth of information available about biodiesel, for instance at www.biodiesel.co.uk (British Association for Bio Fuels and Oils) or www.biodieselfillingstations.co.uk which list 150 sources of biodiesel around the UK.  However, it's still a postcode lottery, with very few places to obtain 100% biodiesel - most sources only stock 5% mixed with 95% mineral diesel.  More info at http://biodiesel.wikiverse.org .  Another source and one leading to many related links is www.biofuel-uk.net (and www.biofuel-uk.net/forum).   Also see Ebony Solutions and Sundance Renewables below.  

For some government advice and information on fuel tax duty or VAT required for biofuels and other substitutes, see: 

This has become a complicated and controversial issue, with serious potential to impact negatively on the industry - see BBC R4's You and Yours coverage 18 November 2005 www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/youandyours/items/05/2005_46_fri.shtml  which summarises what may become the tip of the iceberg.  

A Biofuels and Taxation National Conference took place on December 10 2005 (Wolverhampton).  It addressed taxation problems, to help producers, increase industry debate and knowledge, and 'help form a new Association to fight for our right to help save the planet's future.'  It was promoted by Bio-power (listed below), a company and network of businesses which admits to using 'a small fraction of synthetic or petro-chemical derived materials' - some companies may avoid this completely, to produce from 100% organic or 100% waste materials.  The Conference represented a quick response to a very hot news item.  For more information: www.bio-power.co.uk/svoconference/index.htm - also BBC R4 www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/youandyours/items/05/2005_46_fri.shtml  and ITV  www.itvregions.com/Westcountry/News/Cooking+Oil+Fuel.htm 

Leeds City Council has cut greenhouse gas emissions on its vehicle fleet by 5% by using vegetable oil to fuel its diesel vehicles.  These make up 80% of its 1400 vehicles, which use 4m litres of fuel a year.  Warranties do not cover vehicles running entirely on biodiesel, so a blend with normal diesel is used instead, costing the same as normal diesel.  Biodiesel is sourced from E-diesel, which reprocesses used chip pan oil.  The council has teamed up with West Yorks Fire service, which has seized 100 chip pans in home fire safety checks. The oil was turned into biodiesel and the metal pans recycled. (Guardian 31 Aug 2005)

If you find your premises is not producing enough waste oil for a collection, maybe you could join with other nearby food establishments to arrange a joint collection.  


We promote Corporate Social Responsibility.  Palm oil plantations are currently unregulated and untraceable, and in some countries these are expanding rapidly, destroying as they do so some of the world's last reserve of biodiverse rainforests.  A system is needed to ensure sources of palm oil are traceable and sustainable.  We support re-use of chip pan oil as biodiesel, and perhaps a quota of land in the UK to grow crops for this purpose.   However, palm oil should NOT be imported across the world to the UK for use as a biofuel.  

Also see
Local government services (160)

Alphabetical list of organisations

A & B Oil

Tel 0238 033 9292  Fax 0238 033 9696
Email ab.oil@virgin.net 
Royal Crescent Road, SOUTHAMPTON, Hants SO14 3TT  
Contact  Gavin Millar, Sales Manager

Promotes an integrated service for caterers - collecting waste oils and fats, for treatment and use in animal feed, or disposal.  Crushed/baled cans recycled.  Founded national collection service known as ACORN (Affiliated Cooking Oil Reclaimers Nationwide - a group of regional companies).  Supplies new oils.  (Updated Feb 2004)

ACORN (Affiliated Cooking Oil Reclaimers Nationwide)

National group of 16 regional companies providing an efficient collecting and recycling service for waste cooking oils.  Services hotels, pubs, restaurants, catering chains and schools.  No subcontractors.  Established by A & B Oil (see above) who take a lead in co-ordinating national contracts.  Emphasis on acting locally and thinking globally, and operating in an open and transparent way.  Members are fully licensed and have public and products liability insurance.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Anglia Oils  - 
D J Taylor (Anglia Oils) Ltd
Tel / Fax 01485 600313  
Email  steve@angliaoils.fsnet.co.uk  Website www.angliaoilsltd.co.uk 
Middle Farm, Chequers Road, Grimston, KINGS LYNN, Norfolk PE32 1AJ  

Purchaser of waste vegetable oils and fats from local collectors.   Also operates own collection scheme to caterers in Anglia region.  Collects about 45,000 tons of used cooking oil per year.  Supplies containers from 15 Litres to 1000 litres; or oil can be returned in original container as long as it meets duty of care requirements.  Supplies about 600,000 litres of fresh cooking oil per year.  Offers comprehensive range of cooking oils to meet UK and EU regulations.  Produced from soya bean, rapeseed, sunflower, groundnut and corn.  Supplier to biodiesel industry.  Established 1973, founder member of ACORN.  (Updated Feb 2004)

ARROW (Associated Reclaimers and Recyclers of Oil Waste) 
Tel 01706 627772  Fax 01706 366151
Email enquiries@arrowoils.co.uk  Website www.arrowoils.co.uk  
Arrow Oils, Lane End Farm, Lane End, Hopwood, HEYWOOD, Lancs OL10 2JE 
Contact Malcolm Yates or Karen

National group of 16 member businesses across the country, most of which are ARROW shareholders.  All collect waste cooking oil, processed into technical use as biodiesel (not red diesel), and supply any forms of cooking oils and fats.  (Updated Feb 2004)


Forum for the UK biofuel community.  Contains advice (including safety warnings) on how to make fuel from waste products; the taxation payments required by Government (Customs and Revenue fuel duty); and links to other forums and sources of advice and discussion:

  Collaborative Biodiesel Tutorial - online practical tutorials compiled by the global biofuel community

http://vegetableoildiesel.co.uk/forum/   Goat Industries UK vegetable oil diesel forum for discussing Biodiesel and vegetable oil use

http://biodiesel.infopop.cc/eve/ubb.x  Biodiesel & SVO Discussion Forums for discussing Biodiesel and vegetable oil.  (SVO is Straight Vegetable Oil; and WVO is Waste Vegetable Oil.)

http://autos.groups.yahoo.com/group/vegoil-diesel/  UK based Yahoo email forum for discussing Biodiesel and vegetable oil use

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/biodieselbasics/  Yahoo Biodiesel Basics Group. 'This group is designed to help you learn about the basics of making and using vegetable oil-based biodiesel as an alternative fuel in diesel engines.'  

Some of these also contain further links to similar sites, including.  From this wealth of information one may may be able to become familiar with the UK industry, and with technical issues including manufacture, use and safety.   (Updated Nov 2005)

Tel 01286 830312
Website www.bio-power.co.uk   Email info@bio-power.co.uk 
Contact  John Nicholson

Network of over 30 companies that make a range of bio-fuels made from mainly renewable materials that can be used as an alternative to fossil fuels, as a means to address related issues of Climate Change and Global Warming.  'As far as possible, fuels are derived from natural organic materials'.  Prefers to use recycled materials, 'or those that might otherwise present a waste disposal problem'.  Uses 'a small fraction of synthetic or petro-chemical derived materials in cheaper fuels'.  In addition to fuels for use in vehicles, also creates fuels for generation of electricity and industrial process heating.  Website has many information sections, for example:  Make your own fuel, Deeper study, Taxation, Bio-power Charter, Vision for a network, Chemistry, Glossary of Technical Terms, Invest in saving the planet, Quotes, Links, Downloads.    (Updated Nov 2005)

British Association for Bio Fuels and Oils (
Website www.biodiesel.co.uk  Email info@biodiesel.co.uk 
Contact  Peter Clery, Chairman

Organisation promoting transport fuels and oils from renewable sources, the two key fuels being Biodiesel and Ethanol.  Funded by some 90 members drawn from a wide range of industry, including engineers, fuel companies, fuel users, farmers, agricultural merchants and environmentalists.  Aims to persuade Government to modify tax on Biodiesel to establish it to the advantage of the environment.  Pump price needs to be at least competitive with fossil diesel.  Also aims to see established in UK a Biodiesel plant of sufficient size to get economies of scale in production costs, so concerned drivers can have the option to buy Green Diesel.  A pilot plant is being planned.  Ethanol is obtained from distillation of wheat, sugar or biomass.  Its wider use as a fuel  is also environmentally desirable.  It may be used simply as an additive to fossil fuel with appropriate benefits.   Members' interests cover all disciplines involved in biodiesel production - plant breeders, seed merchants, advisers, academics, farmers, co-operatives, seed crushers and processors, collectors and processors of waste oil for re-cycling, major manufacturers abroad and individuals including would-be users.  Corporate members £500, Private members £50.  BABFO President is Lord Palmer and Vice Chair is Lord Carter.  (Updated Aug 2005)

C C Roche & Sons
Tel / Fax  01256 328103
The Hollies, Greywell Road, Mapledurwell, nr BASINGSTOKE, Hants RG24 7AH

Collects used cooking oil in and near the central London area.  Oil is heated and bulked to 20 tonne loads.  Currently some is recycled as animal feed, but increasing amounts go to biodiesel.  Fully licensed for public liability and waste transfer.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Cooking Oil Services

Tel 01753 651223  Fax 01753 651233  
Wood Lane Farm, Wood Lane, IVER, Bucks SL0 0LD

Used cooking oil collection, and reclamation for reuse as technical oils such as inks.  Fresh oil supplies including vegetable and speciality oils.  (Updated Feb 2004)

David Parker

Tel 01234 378948
West Wood Farm, St Neots Road, Bolnhurst, BEDFORD MK44 2EP

Collection and purchase of waste vegetable oil and fat.  

D J Taylor (Anglia Oils) Ltd  -  see Anglia Oils

Ebony Solutions Ltd / E-diesel 

Tel 01606 301222  Fax 01606 872666 
Email ediesel@ebony-solutions.co.uk  or  steve@ebony-solutions.co.uk 
Website www.ebony-solutions.co.uk 
Unit 3, Winnington Hall, Winnington, NORTHWICH, Cheshire CW8 4DU
Contact  Stephen Whittaker

Ebony Solutions has been manufacturing and supplying e-diesel fuel for 8 years to local authority and commercial customers (cannot supply individuals).  E-diesel is far less toxic than petroleum diesel, and biodegradable.  It is refined from organic, new and used renewable vegetable oils, such as canola or rapeseed oil, sunflower oil, soy bean oil, peanut oil, corn oil, all from UK - Ebony wishes to hear from or about any UK company that can provide any of these waste oils.  They define e-diesel (biodiesel) as a performance improving, clean-burning alternative to standard diesel, producing no net CO2 emissions, with far better lubricity and higher Cetane Number;  it can be used in all diesel applications without engine modification, improving horsepower and miles per gallon.  Customer feedback suggests adding small amounts of e-diesel to conventional diesel increases lubricity, engine life and fuel efficiency.  Can be blended with conventional diesel in any concentration, blend level depending on economics and availability.  Typically, e-diesel is supplied at 100%, 20% or 5% concentrations blended with Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel.  

Four grades or blends of e-diesel available: e100 is pure biodiesel; e50 is 50% biodiesel blended with Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel; e25 is 25% biodiesel blended with Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel; e5 is 5% biodiesel blended with Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel. prices exclude VAT but include Road Fuel Duty.  Delivery by road tanker, minimum order 2000 litres;  outside local area may incur delivery charge.  Website shows detailed test results (for standard BS EN:590, and bio-diesel standard PR EN 14214).  "E-diesel has noticeably less offensive exhaust odours, a benefit in confined spaces..... equipment operators compare it to the smell of French fries."
  Also supplies Green Flame renewable heating oil, price competitive with 35sec gas-oil.  Technical info available. (Updated Sep 2005)

Edge Enviro Services 

Tel 01843 852216  Fax 01843 852827
Email contact@edge-enviro.com  Website www.edge-enviro.com 
The Cellars, Meeting Street, RAMSGATE, Kent CT11 9RT
Contact  Gareth Evans, Office Manager

Tank on site for receiving used cooking oils from small organisations and restaurants, at a cost of £2 per drum.  This is collected by a tanker service for recycling.  Core business: remediating oil spills, mainly on private land in Kent.  Uses recycled absorbent material.  Offers training courses on spill remediation, including ports and harbours; also basic health and safety.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Euro Environmental Containers  

Tel 0845 1084428  Fax 0709 231 0266  
Email enquiries@euroenvironmentalcontainers.co.uk  Website  www.euroenvironmentalcontainers.co.uk  
TSB House, 39A Peach Street, WOKINGHAM, Berks RG40 1XJ  

Professional reclamation of waste edible oils, via authorised collectors.  Award-winning eco-designed double skin containers give benefits for user, environment and all in the chain.  Closed loop service: oil reclaimed in sustainable manner, and cleaned for new applications.  Oil sold on in bulk.  Total traceability so only safe oils are re-used in animal food, preventing food scares.  Supports ISO14001 and EEC.BAT accreditation (exceeding legal requirements) for companies having these certifications, and aims to use best available technology.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Fish Trade Supplies
Tel 01473 601680  Fax 01473 687556
waste.oil.collection@fishtradesupplies.co.uk  Website www.fishtradesupplies.co.uk
8 Riverside Industrial Park, IPSWICH, Suffolk IP2 8JX
Wholesale distribution company delivering range of products to restaurants , fish & chip shops, takeaways, hotels, colleges etc throughout East Anglia.  Collects used cooking oil free from all customers.  Works closely with suppliers to ensure quality.  Friendly service, family owned, established 1973.  (Updated April 2005)

Fryclean Services

Tel 01375 892517  Fax 01375 892516
Ongar Hall Farm, Brentwood Road, Orsett, GRAYS, Essex RM16 3HU  

Free waste cooking oil and fat collection throughout the South East.  Fresh oil supplies.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Fryers Oil
Tel 01327 300744  Fax 01327 300098
Email info@fryersltd.com  Website www.fryersltd.com  
South March, DAVENTRY, Northants NN11 4PH (Head office)  
Contact  Tracy Williams, Human Resources  

Waste cooking oil and fat collection nationwide for recycling, representing 50% of the business.  Generally collected in original containers, which are then crushed and recycled.  Also uses plastic or metal containers - once emptied these are washed and re-distributed for refilling.  Refines for animal feed or disposal.  Supplies fresh oil - may contain GM or hydrogenated fats. Further depot in Wakefield, Yorks.  Uses biodegradable detergents; interceptor fitted to negate impact upon streams and rivers.  Also supplier of catering services and specialist coffee.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Global Commodities UK Ltd
Tel 01362 821582  Fax 01362 821373
Email dennis@globeco.co.uk Website www.globeco.co.uk
Market Street, Shipdham, THETFORD, Norfolk IP25 7LZ 

Produces biodiesel from waste cooking oil, brand name driveECO.  Established Jan 2001, biodiesel was launched Feb 2002, and now provides over 10 million litres of eco-friendly fuel a year.  This supports British industry and domestic farming.  First purpose-built factory in UK is at Dereham, Norfolk.  New plant at Lowestoft will increase production to 180m litres, but Norfolk will continue research and development. Sold in a 5% mix with conventional diesel.  Benefits are: that no engine modification is needed; it enhances fuel economy; it reduces emission of harmful pollutants; it is non-toxic and bio-degradable, and reduces engine wear. The fuel easily mixes in all proportions with conventional diesel. In 2002 the Government reduced the excise duty on environmentally friendly fuels by 20p per litre.  Only fuel company to be granted low emission permit by Environment Agency.   Answers to questions and list of garages on website.  MD Dennis Thouless says set-aside land to grow crops for biodiesel could be "the oilfields of the future". (Updated May 2004)

Goldsmith & Evans
Tel / Fax 01784 471079
Email goldsmithandevans@postmaster.co.uk
Mandalay House, Stroude Road, EGHAM, Surrey TW20 9UW
Contact  Lorraine Evans, Customer accounts, Publicity, and Environmental issues

Collects waste cooking oil and edible fats in small drums and containers from London and the South of England, and advises on safe disposal. 
Sells new rapeseed oil - does not and will not supply any products containing hydrogenated oils or fatsFamily owned and run since 1965.  New customers must complete a registration document, which will be faxed on request and includes current disposal charges.  Consultancy available.  (Updated Feb 2004)  

Grays Waste Services Ltd  
Tel 0208 555 0131  Fax 0208 519 0490  
8 Barbers Road, Stratford, LONDON E15 2PH

Wholesale purchase of waste vegetable oils and fat (minimum 120 litres fortnightly) from local collection.  Also operates own collection scheme in Beds, Herts, Essex and south-east England.  ACORN member.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Greener World Ltd

Tel 0208 571 0100 Fax 0208 843 0500
Suite 001, Charles House, Bridge Road, SOUTHALL, Middx UB2 4BD
Website www.greenerworld.com 
Email enquiries@greenerworld.com 

Collects glass bottles, cans, plastic cups, office paper, newspaper and magazines, cardboard and used cooking oil from offices, hotels and restaurants. Collects many types of recyclable materials, including waste paper, electrical equipment, onfidential waste, and fluorescent tubes and bulbs from offices and service sector industries.  Over 600 businesses and 800 households served throughout Greater London.  Will provide environmental audit, carry out thorough review of a company's wastes, and help carry out policy, which will cut both waste and costs.  Dedicated to recycling - will provide recycled products to close the recycling loop, and promotional material to inform customers of your recycling policy.  Can collect up to twice daily if required.  Range of bags and containers available.  Established 1991.  (Updated May 2005)

Hep Oils  
Tel 01895 824 252  Fax 01895 824487 
Weybeards Farm, Hill End Road, HAREFIELD, Middlesex UB9 6LH

Free collection of used cooking oil from miscellaneous sources. Containers supplied. Oil is reused for technical uses. Supplies new oil, vegetable only.  (Updated Feb 2004)  

Holland UK Ltd

Tel 01255 431773 / 01225 07000 Frying Fax 01225 221393
12 Conway Units, Stephenson Road, CLACTON ON SEA, Essex CO15 4XA

Collection and purchase of waste vegetable oil and fat, and new oil supply in the South East England and London area.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Kent Raw Materials
Tel 0208 5558118   Fax 0208 5197880
12 Barbers Road, Stratford, LONDON E15 2PH

Collects waste cooking oil from many sources such as fast food outlets.  Minimum 8 cans.  Most reclaimed for reuse as animal feed, but will be used for biodiesel later in 2004.  Some of the oil is used as fuel in ships.  (Updated Feb 2004)

LILI (Low Impact Living Initiative)

Tel / Fax 01296 714184  
Email lili@lowimpact.org  Website www.lowimpact.org
Redfield Community, Buckingham Road, WINSLOW, Bucks MK18 3LZ

Non-profit organisation committed to promoting practical and sustainable alternatives to various aspects of everyday life.  Delivers biodiesel for 89p, delivered in 1000-litre containers.  Either fill a can from a tap at the bottom, or use hand pump (can be supplied) to fill vehicle directly.  Or can deliver 20x25 litre containers on a pallet - these are collected on next delivery.  More at www.lowimpact.org/productsbiodiesel.htm and other info on biofuels and veg-oil motoring.  Aims to help people understand the damage of human impact on our planet - through the way we travel, work, consume, enjoy our leisure, provide food, energy and shelter, and dispose of our waste - and how they can change aspects of their lives to reduce their impact, save money, live in a healthier, more satisfying way and improve their quality of life.  Runs residential weekend courses (£150 waged, £100 unwaged) on topics such as recycling clothes and textiles, permaculture, hedge-laying, wind, solar and sustainable energy, self-build hot water, green woodworking, building with timber or strawbale, roofing, beekeeping, making biodiesel, low-impact smallholding, water and sewage, natural paints and lime, and herbal medicine.  Accommodation and food provided.  Course details and dates on website, or sign up for their email newsletter. £10 subscription brings bi-annual newsletter and discounts on courses.  Links with small manufacturers to sell green products.   Also produces 'What can you do?' information sheets, available on website, which may be printed and distributed; and a range of do-it-yourself manuals at £7.50.   - see section 13.  Has a marquee, demo solar hot water panel, and many display boards: will staff a stand at green fairs, and assist local authorities. Worked with National Energy Foundation (section 450) on government project to install solar hot water systems in 50 homes.  (Updated Sep 2005)

O’Hara Waste Oils
Tel / Fax 01895 833 626   Email ohara.oils@btinternet.com 
Durham House Farm, 64 Hollybush Lane, DENHAM, Bucks UB9 4HB

Collects used vegetable oils from big or small users, restaurants, schools.  Containers supplied.  Collection charge per litre from £5.  This is taken to recyclers and used as animal feed, but likely to switch in 2004 to use as biodiesel.  Supplies and delivers new oil: vegetable, rapeseed, olive oil and mayonnaise.  Licensed, PAI registered.  Duty of Care Invoice for each collection.  Linked with ARROW and Silta.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Oilco Midlands  (Midland Express Fuels)
Mobile 079321 40621 (or Tel c/o 01384 400088)  Fax 01384 836378  
Email rogerbannisteruk@hotmail.com
Stallings Lane, KINGSWINFORD, West Midlands DY6 7LG
Contact  Roger Bannister

Receives waste cooking oil from anyone within a 50 mile radius of the West Midlands area.  Will pay for good quantities.   Also sells new rapeseed cooking oil.  Interested in developing a new accelerated composting machine.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Oilco Northern (Shield Trading Ltd) 
Tel 01226 715269  Fax 01226 716592  
Email office@shieldtrading.co.uk,  or sales@shieldtrading.co.uk 
Unit 2, Park Springs Business Park, Springvale Road, Grimethorp, BARNSLEY, South Yorks S72 7BG

Receives waste cooking oil from anyone within a 50 mile radius of the Barnsley area.  Will pay for good quantities.  Also sells new rapeseed cooking oil.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Pelican Fine Foods
Tel 01299 400598  Fax 01299 404090
Email  pelican@wasteoil.co.uk  Website www.wasteoil.co.uk 
Unit 6, St Johns Lane, Long Bank, BEWDLEY, Worcs DY12 2QZ 

Collects used cooking oil (containers supplied) from sources including hotels, pubs, chip shops, restaurants and schools, with a charge for non-buying customers - range of fresh oil supplied: olive, sesame, peanut and palm oils.  General foods and 'dry goods' supplier, including herbs and spices.  Also refuse sacks and cleaning materials.  Oil is recycled by BIP, Oldbury for biodiesel, or for animal feed.  Supplies new oil, vegetable only.  PAI registered.  Established 1976.  Members of ARROW.  (Updated Feb 2004)

Sundance Renewables
Tel 0845 458 2397 (local rate) / 01269 842401  Fax 01269 842397
Website www.sundancerenewables.org.uk  Email info@sundancerenewables.org.uk 
Excal House, Capel Hendre Industrial Estate, AMMANFORD, Carmarthenshire, Wales SA18 3SJ

Non-profit, worker owned co-operative for renewable energy and sustainability.  Achieved European Quality Standard EN14214 for biodiesel ("liquid solar energy") made with locally sourced used vegetable oil, in a community based production plant.  This is the first time an industrial process of this nature has been undertaken as a non-profit taking enterprise.  Supplies biodiesel off the pump, in 25litre containers, or 1000litre IBCs (industrial bulk carriers).  Also offers a local collection service of used vegetable oil in West Wales, for local businesses and organisations.   Weekly, fortnightly or monthly; 10 or 20 litre drums provided.  Keen to see process replicated elsewhere as a sustainable community venture.  Runs training courses on how to set up community enterprises to produce biodiesel.  Can follow on with a 'hand holding package' to make biodiesel in your community.  Offers feasibility studies, business plans, PPC permit applications, to a full design and installation service with operator training and ongoing support.  "Local communities collecting used vegetable oil to produce and sell locally as a renewable biofuel is one of the most environmentally friendly and empowering things you can do. The transport sector is responsible for about a third of global carbon emissions, and if we are to seriously tackle climate change we cannot afford to miss this opportunity to reduce the impact of fossil diesel with environmentally friendly biodiesel."  Also able to install renewable energy systems: solar electric PV, solar hot water, wind turbines, small hydropower, biomass heating or CHP.  (Updated Aug 2005)