55  Glass



Defra calls for increase in recycling of glass packaging

A massive hike in glass packaging waste recycling will be required from 2006 onwards under proposals put forward by Defra (Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs) Within Defra's second packaging waste recovery consultation of the year, amended targets for 2006 to 2008 include an annual 4 to 5 percentage point increase in the existing glass recycling targets. www.letsrecycle.com/materials/packaging/news.jsp?story=4793 ____________________________________________________

Reduction and reuse are at the top of the government's waste hierarchy.  Use the milkman if you can - he or she is a threatened species, and milkbottles make many trips before being recycled.  Milk bottles are reused an average of 13 times before recycling (source: Surrey County Council).   Some Co-op stores also still sell milk in glass bottles and accept clean used ones in return.  Many people would like to see the return of deposit systems, where bottles can be handed back after use for a small financial gain.  Reuse is always the first option, saving more natural resources.  Recycling is the second best option.  

The energy saved from recycling one glass bottle or jar 
will power your TV for 20 minutes, 
your computer for 25 minutes, 
your washing machine for 10 minutes, 
or a 100 watt light bulb for an hour

Source: www.britglass.co.uk 

Recycling bottles   To produce new products from cullet (crushed scrap glass) strict colour separation is required, with a different furnace for each colour, and the types of glass must be collected separately.*   Where glass containers are collected for recycling, window glass, drinks glasses, light fittings, ceramics and heat resistant glass (which melts at a much higher temperature and causes processing problems) must not be present.  Providing these rules are followed, glass can be 100% recycled again and again with no loss of clarity, purity or quality.  Recycled material represents up to 85% of raw materials.  

On average, every family in the UK uses 
around 330 glass bottles and jars a year
ource: British Glass: 

To find your nearest bottle bank you can use the recycle bank locator at www.recycle-more.com.  (The results are generally helpful, although we have spotted some inaccuracies.  Try checking your own local ones!)  

The first bottle banks appeared in 1977, and there are now roughly 50,000 on some 20,000 sites around the country, usually located at civic amenity sites and supermarkets.  Sources: UK Glass Manufacture: A Mass Balance Report p28;and www.britglass.co.uk/Files/GlassRecyclingReport2004.pdf 

600,000 tonnes of glass bottles are thrown out from pubs, clubs, hotels, restaurants and cafes every year (a quarter of the UK's waste glass containers). Up to 75% of this is currently being sent to landfill sites.  Source: WRAP (2004) 'What’s worth £9m and gets chucked in a hole in the ground?'  

Also see Waste Watch: Glass Recycling Information sheet

Glass was discovered over 5000 years ago.  New glass is made from melted sand, along with other raw materials, soda ash and limestone.  The colour of the glass is decided by the amount of iron, soda ash and limestone.  Although the materials used for manufacturing glass are cheap and abundant, digging, quarrying and extracting them all have adverse environmental impacts.  'Remelting' glass, to form new glass products, is the most beneficial method of recycling.  It carries the bonus of no loss of physical property or quality.  Recycling glass is also worthwhile because of the energy savings.  

However, there is currently a glut of green glass which has been collected for recycling - and a problem: British food and drink manufacturers use clear or brown glass, not green, for their bottles and jars, but British wine buyers like wine in green bottles.  Exporting it back to those who make green bottles is sensible, if heavy and costly.  It reduces the continued exploitation of primary aggregate sources (sand), which is made of shells, so has an adverse effect on the quality of beaches and increases erosion.

Flat glass  is also recyclable - although not via bottlebanks.  This includes window glass, Georgian wired, laminated glass, automotive windscreens, architectural glass, factory glass roofs and cooker tops, but collection companies often seek quantities which will fill a collection vehicle to capacity.  Re-use should be first priority, before considering recycling.  Window glass and architectural glass especially may have very high reclaim and resell values.  Glass artists should cultivate a relationship with their local glazier.

The glass recycled each year saves enough energy to launch ten space shuttles

Low grade recycling  
A variety of new uses for cullet from bottles and jars is being explored.  Glass has the advantage that it is inert and non-toxic.  Fibreglass has become a standard means of insulating buildings to improve energy conservation, and UK manufacturers use around 60,000 tonnes of recycled glass (cullet) each year. Flat glass cullet tends to be cleaner, but  recently mixed colour container cullet has been accepted, as the production process is relatively insensitive to colour.  Glass also offers promise to improve water filtration, and is more benign for grit-blasting.  However, low-grade uses which could absorb large quantities of glass for only one second life, such as inclusion in road-building materials, bricks and cement, may not be the best recycling option, even if a small degree of energy saving and reduction in harmful emissions are reported.  

Shot blast media / Aggregate substitute / Glass for Glass fibre. 
All of these reuse some of the materials, but is this really recycling?
The Lamp Recycling Company (see section 68)

Environmental consultancy Enviros produced research in Feb 2004 which shows that recycling glass back into bottles and containers is of greater environmental benefit than any other recycling option.  The report compares a range of different uses for recycled glass, including container manufacture, water filtration, fluxing agents, fibreglass and aggregates.  The conclusions were based on the amount of carbon dioxide used by all the options. Recycling one tonne of glass into new bottles and jars saves 315 kg of carbon dioxide compared to using 1 tonne of glass in aggregate manufacture - which in most cases resulted in increased carbon dioxide emissions.  As we are vulnerable to dangerously accelerating climate change, recycling into new bottles and jars is the wisest option.

*Nevertheless, a few local authorities have recently fallen into the trap of offering only mixed glass collection, with a view to a single low-grade re-use.  Given the report above, many experts see this as a worrying trend, as is the trend towards replacing grass with artificial sports turf, hungry for sand - or glass.  This does not follow the waste hierarchy, and it should not be allowed to get out of hand. 

The EU and the UK government both have targets for recycling glass in packaging - see introduction to section 50 (Packaging).  In 2003, the UK recycled 875,000 tonnes of glass cullet.

The UK recycled about 630,000 tonnes of glass in 2001, a recycling rate of 33% - the average European rate is over 50%.  By December 2006 we need to reach 60% to meet the EU Packaging Directive.  Most LA’s need to increase glass recycling threefold to reach UK Government targets.  Total bottle bank sites in UK - 22,772.  Glass percentage of the average household dustbin - 8-10%.  Current ratio of bottle bank sites per head of population - 1:2640; European equivalent - 1:1250.  Source: www.berryman-uk.co.uk/fact.htm  

Also see

Building materials reclamation (22)
Fluorescent tubes (68)
Legal aspects of waste (Packaging Waste Regulations) (500)

Alphabetical list of organisations

Allied Glass 
Tel 0113 245 1568  Fax 0113 244 9349
Website www.allied-glass.com  Email sales@allied-glass.com
HQ: South Accommodation Road, LEEDS LS10 1NQ

Glass container manufacturer.  Receives cullet.  Supplies packaging for food, beers, soft drinks, milk and spirits (from facilities in Leeds; and Hope Glass Works, Knottingley, West Yorks, Tel 01977 672661).  Environment policy claims that performance improvements will centre on a 5-tier waste management approach:  eliminate, reduce, reuse, recycle, and make safe prior to disposal using the most responsible means.  Premises also in Edinburgh (Tel 0131 659011).  Operates businesses previously known as Lax and Shaw Ltd, and Gregg & Co.   (Updated Oct 2005)

Barr A G plc

Tel 01942 886688 Manchester / 0141 554 1899 Glasgow   Fax 01942 884103 / 0141 554 5768
Website www.agbarr.co.uk  Email info@agbarr.co.uk 
Head Office, 1306 Gallowgate, Parkhead, GLASGOW, Scotland G31 4DS

The Cumbernauld site (opened 1995) has a 750ml returnable glass bottle line, the first to be installed in the UK for many years.  Barr is the biggest distributor of this environment friendly pack.  "Returnable glass is an environmentally sound and high quality packaging format which consumers continue to enjoy, and this range remains an integral part of our business.  We persist in our aim to stabilise the market for returnable glass bottles by improving marketing and sales execution with our key retail customers" (Core Brands, Annual Report 2005 p11).  "Bottles can be returned, cleaned and refilled.  Many consumers opt for this because they want to minimise waste and save natural resources" (Corporate Social Responsibility p19).  "Energy saving initiatives were introduced at each factory.  Savings exceeded government targets and enabled us to qualify for the climate change levy rebate for the next two years" (pp18-19)Supplies soft drinks nationwide in returnable glass bottles, but unable to do so through supermarkets.  Brands include Irn-Bru, Simply, Lipton Ice Tea, Ka, Findlays mineral water, Tizer, D'n'B (Dandelion & Burdock), Orangina.  Consumer pays 20p returnable deposit.  Advertising campaign promotes reuse.  More information from Marketing Dept at:  North Road, Atherton, Manchester M46 0BZ.  Environment policy emphasises monitoring and evaluating impacts such as energy consumption, packaging design and water discharge; setting and reviewing environmental targets locally and within business goals; considering environmental impact when making investment decisions.  (Updated July 2005)

Beatson Clark plc
Tel 01709 828141 / 835385  Fax 01709 828476
Website www.beatsonclark.co.uk   Email
The Glassworks, Greasbrough Road, ROTHERHAM, South Yorks S60 1TZ
(Also: Fircroft Way, Edenbridge, Kent TN8 6ER - Tel 01732 863422,  Fax 01732 866658)

Manufacturer with 3 facilities in UK - Rotherham, Barnsley and Edenbridge (also known as Lewis & Towers).  Supplies glass containers to food (44% of sales), drink (20%), pharmaceuticals (32%) and other markets.  Encourages employees to recycle glass containers and provides bottle bins on site.  Recycles all ink and toner cartridges and all office paper.  “Recycling materials such as glass, which is infinitely recyclable, can help stop the depletion of Earth’s natural resources  through using raw materials.  The government has set targets for the glass industry to be using 60% recycled glass by 2008 so it is important for us to encourage our employees and the wider community to get involved in recycling.  We recognise the need to take action now to protect the environment.  Promotes energy saving and recycling - reminds employees when accessing their systems, and via emails and posters, that they can have a positive effect by double sided copying and printing, only printing hard copies when required,  turning off lights at night and when not in use, not overfilling kettles, and recycling waste.  Processor of clear and amber cullet.  Part of Newship Packaging group.   Supports The BIG Recycle 2005 (June) - a week of events supporting Recycle Now - encouraging people to recycle more things more often.   (Updated Oct 2005)

Berryman T & Sons Ltd
Tel 0208 984 8558   Fax 01795 533217    (Head Office:  Tel 01977 608020  
Fax 01977 644021) 
info@berryman-uk.co.uk  Website www.berryman-uk.co.uk  
Southern Regional Depot, Dagenham Dock Complex, Chequers Lane, DAGENHAM, Essex RM9 6QD
(Head Office:  Lidgate Crescent, Langthwaite Grange Industrial Estate, South Kirby, West Yorks WF9 3NR)  

Glass reclamation, processing and recycling, including cullet.  Purchases bottlebank contents and large quantities of window glass scrap.  Bulk and individual purchasing, from smallest glazier to largest processors, any location.  Collects from bottlers, packers / fillers, local authority collection schemes, kerbside systems, licensed premises, hotels and other organisations.  Partners councils and local authorities to establish and develop all aspects of kerbside collection, from boxes and vehicles to markets for all materials.  Involved in educational development.  Glass “pebbles” can be used in gardens.  Website informative, with UK and European industry facts and figures.  Operates 40 specialist vehicles (clean and smart) with recycling message panels.  Accredited reprocessor under Packaging Waste RegulationsUK's largest specialist glass collection company, founded 1922.  "Recycling 1 glass bottle or jar saves enough energy to power your TV for 1½ hours."  

Commercial:  plate glass and glass cullet processing and sales.  Expanded nationwide service for plate glass processors, benefiting glass and glazing companies facing increasing landfill and disposal charges.  (Contact Nick Philbin.)  Collects all plate glass including: float, patterned, tinted, mirrored, laminated, wired, double glazed units, in 9 yard skips or wheeled bins.

Education:  works in collaboration with Rockware Glass (see below, or 230 Education and Training)
, schools and local authorities to provide education resources and initiatives:
Keystage 1 (& 2)  Glassworks  www.recyclingglass.co.uk (also see section 230 Education and Training) :   CD-rom and web based resource, using fun interactive games which dovetail with National Curriculum using glass recycling as the theme.  Supported by Teacher’s Notes;  free Keystages 1 & 2 CD-Rom developed with British Glass ( 9 Churchill Way, Sheffield S35 2PY);  information pack, clubs, posters, badges and balloons.  Funky Facts, Fun House with Art Room, and Bottle Busters with excellent Glass Challenge Quiz. 
Keystage 2  Glassforever  www.glassforever.co.uk  (see section 230 Education and Training) :   School groups visit modern glass treatment facility, in Knottingley, West Yorkshire to see where glass from bottle banks actually goes.  Supported by interactive glass cleaning machine, video, computer animations and full teacher support pack.  Visits provided free by Rockware Glass, who contribute to school transport costs.  GlassForever education roadshow goes to schools and can be used to support educational and waste initiatives by local authorities.  Develops education aspects of recycling bottles and jars with schools nationally.  GlassForever developed with support from NGfL (National Grid for Learning) www.ngfl.gov.uk and VTC (Virtual Teacher Centre) http://vtc.ngfl.gov.uk/docserver.php .   (Updated Oct 2005)

Biffa Waste Services

Freephone 0800 307307  Tel 01494 521221 / 08000 858286  Fax 01494 463368
Website www.biffa.co.uk  Email recycling@biffa.co.uk  
Coronation Road, Cressex Industrial Estate, HIGH WYCOMBE, Bucks HP12 3TZ

Major waste collection and handling company for commercial, domestic and industrial wastes.  Committed to promoting waste reduction, reuse and increasing recycling.   Handles about 10% of UK's waste.  Operates over 140 sites, including landfills in most regions, and tries to manage them to conserve and enhance biodiversity.  Works with major brewing groups to collect used bottles from pubs, clubs and restaurants.  Jointly operates national Bottleback glass recycling scheme, collecting around 300,000 tonnes of glass each year.  Kerbside scheme at Newbury, Berks, reclaims 6500 tonnes a year of newspaper, cans, glass and textiles, sorted on vehicle.  Developed treatment processes for organic and inorganic aqueous waste, clinical wastes, on-site treatment, emergency spillage clean up, sewer surveying, water jetting, industrial services, and drainage system support services.  Backtrack nationwide collection service for small quantities of hazardous wastes such as fluorescent tubes (recycled in Manchester by Mercury Recycling), sodium lamps, asbestos, aerosols, lead acid batteries, oil and fuel filters, contaminated rags, antifreeze, brake fluids.  Environmental audits / recommendations.  Collects for recycling:  oil, organic and garden waste, batteries, fluorescent lamps, toner cartridges, electrical equipment, paint, special and chemical waste, cans, glass, plastics, textiles, paper and card.  Diverted over 600,000 tonnes of waste from landfill for recycling in 2000.  National cardboard recycling scheme from collection centres in England and Wales.  Container sizes / collection schedules to suit all customers, including small users who separate cardboard from general waste;  typical disposal cost savings about 20%.  Several publications.  Respected landfill tax credit scheme, Biffaward.  Hazpack and Backtrack services for packaged waste.  Runs Biffpack, a leading waste packaging compliance scheme.   (Updated Oct 2004)

British Aerosol Manufacturers Association (BAMA)
Website www.bama.co.uk  Email enquiries@bama.co.uk  
Tel 0207 828 5111  Fax 0207 834 8436
Kings Buildings, Smith Square, Westminster, LONDON SW1P 3JJ

Trade association promoting recycling of steel, aluminium and glass aerosol containers - information pack and presentations available.  BAMA's voluntary Standard for Consumer Safety and Good Manufacturing Practice for aerosol development and manufacture includes Disposal as one of 9 modules.  If a local authority is unsure of the right procedures, BAMA can help with practical advice and guidance.  Over 75 per cent of Local Authorities now recycle aerosols through can banks or kerbside collection - BAMA survey (March 2005) - also see editorial at the top of this page.  BAMA supports all Local Authorities, providing free information and literature via its recycling resource pack, see  www.bama.co.uk/new_page_2.htm .  Materials can be downloaded from the website and customised for each organisation - includes artwork for labels, recycling boxes, supporting text and illustrations for other promotional literature.  Website also contains information and diagrams on technology, how aerosols work, and help for schools and post-16 education (including key stages, and science).  (Updated Nov 2005)

British Glass Manufacturers Confederation
Tel 0114 290 1850  Fax 0114 290 1851
Email info@britglass.co.uk  Website www.britglass.co.uk  
9 Churchill Way, Chapeltown, SHEFFIELD S35 2PY
Contact  Jan-Marie Knights, Communications Manager

Trade Body for all sectors of UK glass industry, and materials organisation, covering research, lobbying government and EU, environmental and analytical services.  Promotes glass collection and recycling.  Promotes glass as first choice material for containers, flat glass, domestic glass, scientific glass and glass fibre applications.  Main promoter of 'The Big Recycle' , a week-long programme in October of nationwide activity showing recycling in action, supported by WRAP (see WasteBook section 300), linked with their RecycleNow campaign. Members advised on energy and environmental legislation.  Aims to be a centre of excellence: the technical arm, Glass Technology Services (GTS), helps companies around the globe to solve technical and production challenges.  Glasspac  www.glasspac.com  is the packaging promotions arm of British Glass, which also maintains a directory of bottle banks.   (Updated Oct 2004)

British Glass Recycling Company
Tel 01279 773054  Fax 01279 773126
PO Box 6068, Edinburgh Way, HARLOW, Essex CM20 2UG

Formed 1993 to develop collection schemes for glass container manufacture.  Purchases separated bottle cullet which is made into new bottles and jars.  Owned by United Glass - see below.  (Updated Oct 2004)

Cleanaway Ltd
Tel 0208 683 1390
Beddington Farm Road, Croydon, SURREY CR0 4XB

British Licensed Retail Association trial operating in South London of trade packaging glass collection.

ECT Recycling

Tel 0208 832 2494  Fax 0208 832 1983
Email info@ectrecycling.co.uk  Website www.ectrecycling.co.uk   
Greenford Depot, Greenford Road, GREENFORD, Middlesex UB6 9AP

Substantial independent, not for profit charitable community organisation, headed by Ealing Community Transport, set up in 1979, dedicated to serving the community through recycling and transport.  Now largest UK not for profit recycling organisation employing 200 and operating and maintaining 100 vehicles.  Runs local authority contracted kerbside recycling box collections in Barnet, Brent, Ealing, Hackney, Hounslow, Lambeth, Richmond, Tower Hamlets, and Waltham Forest;  also Vale of White Horse and West Oxfordshire.  Collects cans, foil, glass, oils, paper, surplus paint and textiles, using purpose-built vehicles.  Paint is redistributed to anyone able to use it, via a 'Community Re>paint' scheme established in 1994.  Pioneer of Furniture Recycling Network, collecting unwanted domestic furniture for those who need it; redistributes office furniture throughout London.  Tests and extracts CFCs from scrap refrigeration equipment.  Piloting kitchen waste collection OWL (Organics in West London) to be made into compost then sold for use in parks and gardens, feeding the soil.  Recycling Hotline 020 8937 5037 for residents with queries about their doorstep recycling service.  Parent company of Lambeth Community Recycling.  Also runs transport services aimed mainly at older and disabled people; and ECT Buses provides some bus routes for London.  (Updated Nov 2003)

Glassforever -
see Berryman (above), Rockware (below), or section 230 Education and Training

Glassworks -
see Berryman (above), Rockware (below), or section 230 Education and Training

Green Bottle Unit
Tel 0207 2493 394 Fax 0207 2498 499
Email  caroline@green-bottle.co.uk  katy@green-bottle.co.uk   Website  www.green-bottle.co.uk 
Hothouse, London Fields, 274 Richmond Road, LONDON E8 2QW
Contact  Caroline Elliott - events, exhibitions, glass offers, visits, general advice (Tel 0207 241 7475);
Katy Fattuhi - projects, technical information, estimates, detailed advice (Tel 0207 241 7482);
Jane Bell  Community liaison (0207 241 7479)

'The art of recycled glass.'  Manufactures 100% recycled, tested, high quality glass handmade products including tiles, bricks, paviours.  Combines art, science and technology.  Reduces need for further quarrying.  Many glass types used, including green, blue, clear, TV screens, test tubes, and car side windows.  Kiln fired with various finishes.  Durable.  Commissions include London canals (eg with
Free Form - regeneration, art and environment and host body at Hothouse - see 430 Green building and decorating), and Brighton seafront.  Can customise designs.  Uses include urban landscape features, public art, flooring, roofing, water and glass amalgamations, glass building units (maximising light), swimming pool surfaces, steps, and lit glass.  Promotes reduced energy consumption and new, sustainable manufacturing techniques of use to others in industry.  Works with architects (eg Foster & Partners on a recycled glass wall in Japan) and interior designers as well as their own designers, artists and crafts specialists.  Green Bottle Unit Community Programme offers visits to the production unit, and recycling seminars to schools / community groups.  Takes part in community events (such as Discover Hackney) and holds regular open sale days.  Prices, ordering and technical data online.   (Updated July 2004)

Greener World Ltd

Tel 0208 571 0100 Fax 0208 843 0500
Suite 001, Charles House, Bridge Road, SOUTHALL, Middx UB2 4BD
Email enquiries@greenerworld.com  Website www.greenerworld.com 

Collects many types of recyclable material, including waste paper, electrical equipment, confidential waste, and fluorescent tubes and bulbs from offices and service sector industries.  Collects glass bottles, cans, plastic cups, office paper, newspaper and magazines, cardboard and used cooking oil from offices, hotels and restaurants.  Over 600 businesses and 800 households served throughout Greater London.  Will provide environmental audit, carry out thorough review of a company's wastes, and help carry out policy, which will cut both waste and costs.  Dedicated to recycling - will provide recycled products to close the recycling loop, and promotional material to inform customers of your recycling policy.  Can collect up to twice daily if required.  Range of bags and containers available.  Established 1991.  (Updated May 2005)

Gregg & Co (Knottingley) Ltd - now part of Allied Glass, see above

ICER (Industry Council for Electronic Equipment Recovery)
Tel 0207 729 4766  Fax 0207 729 9121
Website www.icer.org.uk 
6 Bath Place, Rivington Street, LONDON EC2A 3JE

Association involving suppliers, manufacturers, waste management, recyclers and local authorities aiming to be environmentally responsible. Information exchange and advice.  Expertise on recycling WEEE (waste electrical and electronic equipment).  Website lists commercial WEEE recyclers or refurbishers of fridges, washing machines etc.  Pilot projects and research on life cycle through design, collection, reprocessing, and markets for reclaimed materials.  Current projects, working with all parties, include: to assess the amount of equipment entering the UK waste stream, how it is made up, how much is being recycled, and barriers to recycling; to identify best ways to separate and collect equipment for recycling and reuse; and to research recycling of cathode ray tubes (CRTs) and markets for CRT glass.  Runs accreditation schemes for recyclers and refurbishers.  (Updated May 2004)

The Independent Glass Recyclers Association (TIGRA)

Tel 01977 608020  Fax 01977 644021  
c/o Berrymans, 49 Lidgate Crescent, Langwaite Grange Industrial Estate, South Kirkby WEST YORKS WF9 3NR

Represents glass industry's interests to local authorities, manufacturers and distributors.  Information on glass as a packaging material.  Provides an alternative viewpoint from that of the glass container manufacturers.  (Updated Nov 2005)

Industrial Reclamation Ltd
Tel / Fax  01580 766395  
Oare Creek, FAVERSHAM, Kent ME13 7TX
Contact  Kell Clark, Owner

Independent cullet contractor and reprocesser, selling cleaned cullet to glass manufacturers.  Buys waste glass, from local authorities, businesses and individuals, for crushing, and removal of all foreign contaminants - ferrous & non-ferrous metals, plastics, and general waste - so the glass is of suitable strength and quality for reuse by glass packaging manufacturers.  Generally collects in 30 tonne loads mainly from South East - focusing on Kent, Surrey, Essex, and London areas - and in smaller loads more locally by arrangement.  Receives deliveries of any size - from small vanloads, to deliveries of 30 tonnes and beyond.  Established 25 years.  Handles approximately 25,000 tonnes annually.  (Updated Nov 2005)

Lax and Shaw Ltd
- now part of Allied Glass, see above

Lewis and Towers Ltd
- now part of Beatson Clark, see above

London Recycling Ltd

Tel 0207 511 8000  Fax 0207 511 3785
Unit 4D, North Crescent, Cody Road, Canning Town, LONDON E16 4TG
Website www.london-recycling.com   Email  recycle@london.recycling.co.uk 

Confidential data destruction - paper and non-paper products, cardboard (flattened - cages or wheelie bins provided).  Security sacks, bins, containers provided.  Collection and purchase of drink cans, glass, foil, segregated grades of waste paper, toner cartridges for remanufacture (minimum 10), fluorescent tubes, vending cups, CDs, pallets.  Collection mainly within M25 area.  (Updated Aug 2005)

London Remade Ltd
Tel 0207 665 1536  Email info@londonremade.com  Website www.londonremade.com
1 Quality Court, Chancery Lane, LONDON WC2A 1HR

Partnership of business, London Boroughs, regional government, waste industry and not for profit sector.  Aims to "revolutionise the way the Capital manages its waste through a programme designed to develop and diversify markets for recycled materials."  Aims to stimulate demand for recycled products, and its website lists information about recycled products.  Offers brokerage service and environmental policy development support to organisations signing up to the Mayor's Green Procurement Code.  Focusing on organics, glass and paper.  Objectives: increase green procurement; divert 250,000 tonnes of waste from landfill; create 2000 jobs; generate £13m private sector investment.  Claims many successes already.  Helped fund London's first in-vessel Vertical Composting Unit, in Bromley; invested  £243,000 in Cleanaway organics site at Rainham, aiming to increase diversion of commercial and household gardening, landscaping, kitchen and food wastes by 100,000 tonnes, develop new markets for peat-free compost products, and to establish a training and visitor centre.  Piloting recycling schemes including mixed glass collection for flats and increasing recycling by ethnic minorities.  Working with Day Group at Charlton on glass reprocessing into low grade uses such as sharp sand and aggregate, and with Freeform Arts Trust, Hackney, who are developing tiles and blocks through fusing recycled glass.  Analysing paper waste streams before setting up an eco-industry area for paper.  Provides business support to small enterprises through loan fund.  In May 2002, with GLA, launched www.capitalwastefacts.com to help local authorities meet recycling targets. 
(Updated Feb 2005)

Mercury Recycling Ltd
Tel 0161 877 0977  Fax 0161 877 0390
Email info@mercuryrecycling.co.uk  Website www.mercuryrecycling.co.uk 
Unit G, Canalside North, John Gilbert Way, Trafford Park, MANCHESTER M17 1DP

Collection and recycling nationwide, through a network of collectors or directly, of fluorescent tubes, sodium lamps and all forms of lighting, lamps and bulbs.  Website states mercury from one fluorescent tube can pollute 30,000 litres of water beyond a safe level for drinking.  Only UK company with the equipment (made in Sweden) to recycle lighting by separating components - mainly glass, metal and mercury (predominantly from fluorescent tubes).  Operates 'Lampsafe' (for tubes 2' to 8') and 'Bulbsafe' service (for compact fluorescents, 2-Ds, halogens and mercury vapour lamps - container takes up to 400 bulbs and is collected free), providing special containers.  Also deals with other waste that bears mercury, such as button cell batteries (particularly from hearing aids), thermometers, barometers, manometers (pressure gauges), dental amalgam.  Mercury supplier and consultancy.  Byproducts go to other industries for use as raw materials or further recycling.  Works with Biffa in contract to recycle 1 million lamps from government buildings.  Plant opened 1998.  Plans to open a second site in the south of England.  (Updated Sep 2004)

MRF St Albans Recycling

Tel 01727 845903 / 848957  Fax 01727 848960
Ronsons Way, Sandridge Gate Business Centre, St Albans Road, Sandridge, ST ALBANS, Herts AL4 9XR
Contact: Vic Barratt or Terry Warren

Waste management contractor operating MRF (Materials Reclamation Facility) for St Albans City & District Council, serving glass, can and paperbank sites and kerbside scheme including plastic bottles.  Provides schools with 1100 litre wheeled bins for paper and cans. Accepts materials brought from outside borough.  Also runs MRF for London Borough of Croydon, and depot at Farnham.   (Updated Feb 2001)

Northern Cullet Ltd

Tel 01226 246541  Fax 01226 207615
Pontefract Road, BARNSLEY,  South Yorks S71 1HJ
Website www.northerncullet.co.uk  Email sales@northerncullet.com 

Glass recycling.  Processes into glass grains, used in abrasive glass paper (sandpaper); and to form anti-slip and decorative floors.  The reflectivity and brilliance of the grains are used on mosque domes and in wall rendering.  Due to the transparent and inert nature of glass, grains are used as decorative and protective glazes for enamels and tiles.  They are also used in the steel and nuclear industry as expendable grit for blasting and cleaning, as well as sealing hot ingots.  Part of Potters Europe Group, maker of glass spheres.   (Updated Nov 2005)

Paper Round

Tel 0207 620 3131  Fax 0207 247 8777
Website www.paper-round.co.uk 
Email info@paper-round.co.uk
Room 428, The London Fruit & Wool Exchange, Brushfield Street, Bishopsgate, LONDON E1 6EL

Largest London office paper recycling company, initiated in 1989 as part of Friends of the Earth.  Over 14 years, customers have saved the equivalent of 250,000 trees.  Recycles all types of office paper (white and colour should be separated - useful info / FAQ on website), and security shredding service (security sacks available).  Small charge for mixed and shredded paper.  Free collection of (minimum 10) laser printer & ink-jet toner cartridges (not photocopier toner bottles).  Minimum 6 sacks or 10 A4 photocopier boxes full of paper.  Glass, drinks cans & plastic bottles collected.  Surplus brochures & office clear-outs.  Free advice on office recycling - guide to bins and storage on website; cardboard or plastic recycling bins can be supplied.  Gives companies annual certificate detailing recycling achievements.  Membership fee subject to paper prices.  Annual donations to Friends of the Earth and other environmental good causes.  Newsletter has information on paper recycling and topical environmental issues.  (Updated May 2005)

Past-IT Recycling Services
Tel 01953 488526  Mobile 07795 186396
Email info@pastit-recycling.co.uk  Website www.pastit-recycling.co.uk 
The Willows, Mere Road, Stow Bedon, ATTLEBOROUGH, Norfolk NR17 1HP

Collects equipment from single PCs to entire offices, any age or specification, for recycling (can collect outside office hours to avoid disruption).  Items include desktop and notebook computers, servers, networking equipment, printers, and most IT related equipment.  Cathode Ray Tubes from monitors are broken down into glass, copper and lead.  All items are recorded onto asset tracking database before disassembly.  Handles ferrous, non-ferrous and precious metals, and plastics including acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polycarbonate (PC), high impact polystyrene (HIPS).  Steel, aluminium and plastic cabinet parts are removed.  Circuit boards are depopulated of integrated circuits ('chips') and other usable components, and stripped of connectors, metal brackets and hazardous materials such as batteries, before further materials recovery.  Edge connectors, visible precious metals and various other components are handled by specialist refiners and recyclers, Environment Agency licensed and holding ISO14001.  Residual waste is granulated to recover copper and other base metals.  Concise, clear, interesting website, including legislation for RoHS (heavy metals and toxic flame retardants), Landfill and WEEE directives.  Secure data deletion and certified destruction with audit, including all IDE and SCSI disc drives, made unrecoverable to standards exceeding US Department of Defence.  Materials are physically shredded to about 20mm2, prior to recovery processing.  Information pack available.  Duty of care waste transfer notes provided.  EA registered Controlled Waster Carrier.   (Updated Apr 2005)

Rockware Glass Reclamation
Tel 01977 674111  Fax 01977 635821  Website www.rockware.co.uk   Email
Headlands Lane, Knottingley, West Yorks WF11OHP

Glass container manufacturer, part of Ardagh Glass.  Purchases separated bottle cullet for processing.  The website subsection www.rockware.co.uk/index-recycling/index-recycling.html carries lots of useful information about the glass industry, processing cycles, and recycling benefits.   Ardagh Glass also now owns Redfearn Glass Ltd (previously known as Rexam Glass Barnsley, and as the UK glass business of Rexam plc).

www.rockware.co.uk/index-education.html :  Works in collaboration with Berryman (see above), schools and local authorities to provide education resources and initiatives :
Keystage 1 (& 2)  Glassworks  www.recyclingglass.co.uk (also see section 230 Education and Training) :   CD-rom and web based resource, using fun interactive games which dovetail with National Curriculum using glass recycling as the theme.  Supported by Teacher’s Notes;  free Keystages 1 & 2 CD-Rom developed with British Glass ( 9 Churchill Way, Sheffield S35 2PY);  information pack, clubs, posters, badges and balloons.  Funky Facts, Fun House with Art Room, and Bottle Busters with excellent Glass Challenge Quiz. 
Keystage 2  Glassforever  www.glassforever.co.uk  (see section 230 Education and Training) :   School groups visit Europe’s most modern glass treatment facility, in Knottingley, West Yorkshire to see where glass from bottle banks actually goes.  Supported by interactive glass cleaning machine, video, computer animations and full teacher support pack.  Visits are provided free by Rockware Glass, who also contribute to school transport costs.  GlassForever education roadshow takes the program to schools and can be used to support other educational or waste management initiatives by local authorities.  Develops education aspects of recycling bottles and jars with schools nationally.  GlassForever has been developed with support from NGfL (National Grid for Learning) www.ngfl.gov.uk and VTC (Virtual Teacher Centre) http://vtc.ngfl.gov.uk/docserver.php .   (Updated Nov 2005)

see Independent Glass Recyclers Association, The

United Glass Limited  
Tel 01279 773054  Fax 01279 773126
Website  www.united-glass.co.uk 
PO Box 6068, Edinburgh Way, HARLOW, Essex CM20 2UG

Glass container manufacturer for companies in food and drink industry.  Purchases separated bottle cullet. Head office and manufacturing at Harlow, manufacturing at Alloa. Other sites are Premier Glass Packaging at Cumbernauld, and sand quarry at Devilla, Fife.  Employs around 900. UK affiliate of Owens-Illinois. Owns British Glass Recycling Company.  (Updated Oct 2004)

Viridor Glass Recycling 
(was Viridor Richardson)
Tel 01744 454444  Fax 01744 616096
Email enquiries@viridor-waste.co.uk 
Website www.viridor-waste.co.uk
Lancots Lane, ST HELENS, Merseyside WA9 3EX

Major collector and reprocessor of flat glass, from architectural, automotive and container industries.  This mainly comprises:  float glass, automotive glass, sealed units, laminated glass, figured glass (rolled plate), Georgian wired glass, toughened glass (tempered).  Also bottle collection.  Glass is collected, sorted and graded by colour and quality in six UK depots, including Peterborough, Faversham, and Birmingham.  (Updated Oct 2004)