50  Packaging materials

This group of categories includes -

51  Cardboard boxes and cartons
52  Pallets and cases
53
  Drums, tanks and cylinders
54
  Cans and foil
55
  Glass
56
  Plastic containers, packaging and film
57
  Expanded polystyrene
59
  Miscellaneous packaging materials


NEWS  
The Courtauld Commitment 

A new agreement between a consortium of 13 supermarkets, helped by WRAP (Waste and Resources Action Plan), may be the first real step in stopping growth in packaging waste.  It aims to design out growth by 2008 (many, concerned by inefficient use and rapid depletion of the world's resources, low recycling rates, and having to discard unrecyclable packaging, would like growth stopped immediately), and to start to reduce it by March 2010.  The agreement also aims to cut food waste.

WRAP estimates that half of the household waste bin is food or packaging.  Environment minister Elliot Morley said: "Packaging is one of the largest mail-bags we get at DEFRA.  As people recycle more they want to know what is being done about packaging.   We have some of the best designers in this country to look at creating more sustainable packaging."

Household packaging and food waste currently amounts to 9.5 million tonnes, and supermarkets have up to 30,000 product lines, so this will be a lengthy process, but there are some things which can begin now.  Most supermarkets are starting with their own range of products, making up about 40-50% of what is on the shelves, before putting pressure on suppliers.  Andy Duckworth, recycling manager for Tesco, said it had reduced the wrapping on pizzas by taking away the box. "Customers like it because they can see the product more clearly and we reduce our costs."  James McKechnie, recycling manager for Sainsbury, said: "We do not get too many letters from the public about packaging, but the money means we can look at using plastic packaging that can currently be recycled such as PET rather than PVC."

The consortium, including Asda, Sainsbury's, Morrisons, Tesco, Marks & Spencer and Waitrose, is using WRAP's 8 million Waste Minimisation and Innovation Fund.  Retailers said that this would not go all the way to tackling food and packaging waste, but would help along with the BREW (Business Resource Efficiency and Waste) initiative.  Press release (July 05) at www.letsrecycle.com/materials/packaging/news.jsp?story=4702 
____________________________________________________


General information on packaging

The UK generates 10.24 million tonnes of packaging waste every year.  (Source - Women's Environmental Network).

Packaging materials use large quantities of the world's natural resources, and currently account for around 5 per cent of landfill deposits.  Food packaging represents 60 per cent of all packaging, and an appreciable proportion of household expenditure.  Not all packaging is to protect the product - much is to enhance its appearance and increase sales.  We all pay at least twice for packaging - once at the point of purchase and again for disposal.  There are also hidden environmental costs.  In recent years the subject has generated extensive debate and a few initiatives, not all of which have been wholly successful. 

The best sort of packaging is that which can be used a number of times, such as second-hand pallets, reusable plastic crates, cardboard or wooden boxes, milk bottles.  In some European countries this applies to plastic bottles.  The first two examples are called secondary packaging - they do not necessarily reach the user.  


The Packaging Waste Directive 

In 1994, the European Union passed a law (called a Directive) which meant that all member nations had to put into place systems to recycle packaging waste. 
EU Directive targets require countries to recycle specific proportions of different packaging materials.  Each country was allowed to decide on the best system for themselves, as long as they made sure that they could recycle at least 50% of a member state's packaging waste.  

This was translated into British Law as the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations, 1997.  The regulations apply to businesses with turnovers of more than 5 million (reducing to 1 million from the year 2000), which also handle more than 50 tonnes of packaging in a year.  These companies must meet targets for the amount of packaging waste that they recycle in the UK each year.  (Production residues are not packaging waste.)    

However, in Feb 2004, new EU targets were agreed for 2008:
60% recovered or incinerated at waste incinerator plants with energy recovery by 31 Dec 2008
55% (minimum) to 80% (maximum) recycled by 31 Dec 2008
By material:
60% by weight for glass
60% by weight for paper and board
50% by weight for metals
22.5% by weight for plastics, counting exclusively material that is recycled back into plastics
15% by weight for wood.
(Compare these with UK table below)

There are advantages to companies which re-use packaging (THE WASTEBOOK section 500).  The regulations do not, however, preclude positive action by individuals or smaller companies.  Approved Compliance Schemes as at 18 March 1998 are listed here - several have since fallen by the wayside.  

There are positive signs that the government and society as a whole is willing to tackle the issue of excessive packaging.  If packaging is reduced, the public will be supportive, as has been shown by the recent, successful initiative in Ireland to charge for carrier bags.  Perhaps this will soon be taken up in the UK?  

The UK government's targets for 2004-8 are: 

Overall recovery:  63%, at least 94% of which must be from recycling - so this recycling percentage amounts to 59.22%.  
Recycling:  to grow year-on-year to reach 66.5% in 2008.  This exceeds the European target of 55% by 2008.  

The details are:

Material 2004 2008
Paper  65% 70%
Glass  49% 71%
Aluminium  26% 35.5%
Steel  52.5% 61.5%
Plastic  21.5% 23.5%
Wood  18% 21%
Overall recovery  63% 70%
Recycling at least  59.22% at least 66.5%

The implication for local authorities is that collecting more packaging from households will be critical if we're to meet these higher targets.

The European Court of Justice recently interpreted incineration as a form of disposal, not recovery.  So incinerated packaging is unlikely to be eligible to be counted as recovery in the UK.

Environmental Information Exchange (see www.brookes.ac.uk/eie/pack1.htm and below) has useful general and legal info on packaging.


Recycling beverage cartons

Smith Anderson's paper mill in Fife, Scotland, is the first in the UK to recycle beverage cartons.  They can receive all cartons used for liquids such as milk, juice, soups, custards, and saucesWith more Community Recycling Network and Local Authorities taking up the challenge the mill's freepost facility has ended (labels were viable for free postage until 1 October 2004, after which any boxes using these freepost labels will be landfilled by the Post Office).  Labels and instructions for posting cartons to the mill can still be downloaded, but postage now has to be paid by the customer.  To download address labels go to www.drinkscartons.com/docs/recycling_uk.htm and click on 'download here'.

Cartons must be rinsed out after use and drained; flattened by pulling out the ears; and packed into any cardboard box.  Plastic opening devices can be cut off to flat pack the cartons.  Paper cups can be included but not other paper apart from the box.  After the label is applied the box can be taken to the Post Office for despatch.  ACE recommends: avoid other packaging such as plastic or jiffy bags; parcel tape or string to seal the box is acceptable; and that the logo on the downloadable label acts as an identifier for the paper mill to ensure that cartons go into the right pulper without opening the box.

While no beverage carton recycling has taken place in the UK until now, ACE (Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment) states that 21% of cartons were recycled across Europe in 2000.  This new mill may help the UK begin to catch up - but according to Tetra Pak UK, the European Union (EU) has achieved average rates of around 30%, with Germany managing an impressive 66%. Tetra Pak estimates that the Smith Anderson plant could handle up to 20% of the UK's post-consumer cartons. This capacity may give the carton's environmental profile a boost. 

At present only a small number of local authorities collect cartons.  Environment minister Elliott Morley wants local authorities and those involved in packaging regulations to work together to find ways of extracting more packaging from the household waste stream.  
____________________________________________________

Two guides to cut packaging and re-use waste
WEN's Packaging Action Kit is a step-by-step guide for individuals and
groups on how to tackle waste from a shopping trip.  From the simplest action, such as leaving bags and excess packaging at the checkout (and telling the assistant why), to how to challenge supermarkets to reduce waste and meet their legal obligations, it includes tips on how supermarkets work, community campaigning, and ideas for low-waste shopping.

One person's rubbish is someone else's treasure! 
WEN's Guide to Running a Give or Take Day (Developed with the Forest Recycling Project) is designed for community groups, local authorities or businesses - sometimes groups of businesses get together to organise a Give or Take Day.  They are fun, easy to run and a great way to divert useful items away from landfill into the hands of people who can really use them. Think of a swap shop or jumble sale with no money changing hands.  People can bring along virtually any household items (in good condition) and take away others. At one event a lucky punter snapped up an entire kitchen!  

The Guide covers relevant legislation and pitfalls to avoid.  Maeve Murphy, WEN's Waste Prevention Officer, said: "In the UK we dump a shocking 414 million tonnes of waste in landfill every year - much of this is unnecessary packaging or perfectly good items that someone could use."  

Both guides can be downloaded free from www.wen.org.uk or send 1 each for a hard copy to WEN, PO Box 30626, London E1 1TZ.

____________________________________________________

Also see
Paper and card (31)
Conversion to energy (190)
Scrapstores (140)
Legal aspects of waste (including packaging regulations - 500)


Alphabetical list of organisations


Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment (ACE)
Tel 0208 977 6116  Fax 0208 977 6909 / 3122
Email  info@drinkscartons.com   Website  www.drinkscartons.com
Churcham House, 1 Bridgeman Road, TEDDINGTON, Middx TW11 9AJ
Contact  Jenny Francis                                                         

International coalition of ten manufacturers of paperboard and paper cartons who work together to promote consumer and environmental benefits of beverage cartons.  People can phone for or download labels (go to www.drinkscartons.com/docs/recycling_uk.htm and click on 'download here') to return beverage cartons for recycling - more information under Beverage Cartons in the editorial above.  In the UK, ACE works with environmental and industry partners in the areas of forestry and packaging.  Parent organisation based in Brussels.   (Updated May 2004)


Aluminium Federation Ltd

Tel 0121 456 1103  Fax 0121 456 2274
Broadway House, Calthorpe Road, Five Ways, BIRMINGHAM B15 1TN

The Aluminium Material Organisation (Aluminium MO), organised within the Aluminium Federation, was set up to assist aluminium packaging users to meet their obligations at lowest cost, while accelerating aluminium recycling.  Liaises with government departments, other MOs' multi-material schemes, local authorities and reprocessors.


Autobar

Tel 0208 560 7485  Fax 0208 568 1389
41/42 Kew Bridge Road, BRENTFORD, Middx TW8 0DY

Trade Federation of plastic, paper and board packaging manufacturers providing information on environmental issues including recycling.


Barry Overton

Tel 01438 798301  Fax 01438 798398
Firth House, Bramfield Road, Bulls Green, DATCHWORTH, Herts SG3 6SA

Consultant on packaging.


Biffa Waste Services
Tel 01494 521221  Freephone 0800 307 307  Fax 01494 463368
Coronation Road, Cressex , HIGH WYCOMBE, Bucks HP12 3TZ
Email  marketing@biffa.co.uk   Website  www.biffa.co.uk

Waste management subsidiary of Severn Trent plc, recycling nationwide through collection centres, landfill sites and treatment facilities, and delivering paper, card, cans, glass, plastics and textiles to major reprocessing companies.  Biffa works with all major brewing groups to collect used bottles from pubs, clubs and restaurants, and jointly operates national Bottleback glass recycling scheme, collecting around a third of a million tons of glass each year.  Runs kerbside scheme at Newbury, Berks, reclaiming 6500 tonnes a year of newspaper, cans, glass and textiles, using a vehicle which allows the crew to sort and store materials as they are collected.


Biffpack

Tel 01494 556565  Fax 01494 473023
Email  enquiries@biffpack.co.uk   Website  www.biffa.co.uk

Approved Compliance Scheme under the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations.  (Also see Biffa Waste Services.)


British Retail Consortium

Tel 0207 371 5185
Bedford House, 69-79 Fulham High Street, LONDON SW6 3JW

Trade association with an interest in reducing unnecessary packaging.


British Soft Drinks Association

Tel 0207 430 0356  Fax 0207 831 6014
20/22 Stukeley Street, LONDON WC2B 5LR

Trade association of soft drink, fruit juice and bottled water producers, supporting the recycling of containers.


British Steel plc

Tel 01495 334521  Fax 01495 350988
Packaging Recycling Unit, PO Box 18, EBBW VALE, Wales NP6 3YL

The UK packaging industry, which uses 650,000 tonnes of steel packaging annually, needs to recycle between 97.000 t (15%) and 325,000 t (50%) by 2001.  British Steel has created a specialist unit to develop recovery and recycling.  This acts as materials organisation/reprocessor, information source and technical advisory service.


Centre for Sustainable Design
Tel 01252 892772  Fax 01252 892747 
Website www.cfsd.org.uk
Email cfsd@surrart.ac.uk or mcharter@surrart.ac.uk or rwhite@surrart.ac.uk 
Surrey Institute of Art & Design, University College, Faculty of Design, Falkner Road, FARNHAM, Surrey GU9 7DS
Contact Professor Martin Charter, Co-ordinator or Russell White, Administrator

Eco-design is a very important aspect of sustainable waste management.  Advises on reducing waste 'cradle to grave', ease of recycling, design for dismantling and easy repair or reconditioning, and ecological aspects of multi-material products.  Facilitates discussion and research on eco-design and environmental, economic, ethical and social considerations in product and service development and design.  This is achieved through training, education, research, networking, consultancy, publications and internet.  Also acts as an information exchange and a focus for innovative thinking on sustainable products and services.  Website is a good introduction to good practice and current research, and includes details of courses, seminars, conferences and workshops.  CfSD  has developed a network for the electronics sector - the Network for Electronic Product Design (NEPD) and a regional business club focused on "producer responsibility" issues covering the electronics, automotive and packaging sectors - the South-East Environmental Business Association (SEEBA). Edits the Journal of Sustainable Product Design. Established 1995.  (Updated Nov 2003)


Cleanapak
Tel 0161 866 9933
Cleanaway, 1001 Chester Road, MANCHESTER M32 0WA

Approved compliance scheme under the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations.


DIFPAK

Tel 0207 486 7244 Fax 0207 487 4734
19 Cornwall Terrace, Regents Park, LONDON NW1 4QP

Approved compliance scheme under the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste Regulations) set up by the dairy industry, for the food industry.


Energy Technology Support Unit (ETSU)

Environment and Energy Helpline 0800 585794
Harwell, DIDCOT, Oxon OX11 0RA
Email etbppenvhelp@aeat.co.uk  Website www.etsu.com.etbpp 

All companies that use packaging can benefit from two new guides from the Environmental Technology Best Practice Programme): "Cutting Costs and Waste by Reducing Packaging Use" (free); and "Choosing and Managing Re-usable Transit Packaging".  Many other publications.  (The ETBPP is a joint DTI and DETR programme managed by AEA Technology plc through ETSU and the National Environmental Technology Centre.)  Also see section 450.


Environmental Information Exchange
Tel  Michael Esvelt, Project Coordinator 01865 484066
Patsy Wood, Project Manager/Researcher 01865 484432
Anne Miller, Project Director 01865 483244
Fax 01865 483242 
Website www.brookes.ac.uk/eie/pack1.htm 
BMS, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane, OXFORD OX3 0BP

Initiative supported by Oxford Brookes University which promotes recycling and environmentally friendly waste management.  Useful info on website including - UK Packaging Waste Directive; supply chains; relevance for SMEs; definitions of waste;  minimising waste; waste calculator - how to reduce waste and increase profit;  energy and water saving;  pollution;  how to create an environmental policy and why you should; how to prepare travel plans.  Legal information - see section 500.  (Updated Apr 2005)


Envirowise
Website www.envirowise.gov.uk  Helpline 0800 585794

Government programme offering free, independent advice and information to help small and medium size businesses on practical ways to minimise waste, introduce sustainability into the workplace and convert turnover into profit, and ensure compliance with environmental legislation.  Covers wide range including water and energy saving measures, cleaner design and technology.  Many case studies.  After registration, a publication is available, ET250 Unpack Those Hidden Savings: 120 Tips on Reducing Packaging Use and Costs.  Helps companies new to packaging waste minimisation to adopt a systematic approach to cut packaging costs.  Publishes over 70 best practice guides (including Getting Started). In the last year alone, saved British businesses more than 100 million.  Publications free to those registering on website.  Environment and Energy helpline offers: two hours of free consulting over the phone on a specific problem; Free half-day site visits for SMEs (small to medium enterprises) to solve particular operational issues; one day visit for free on-site assessment of operations for recommendations on waste management; identifying appropriate Envirowise products and sources of help; free on-site energy efficiency advice.  Runs seminars and workshops.  Provides map of Waste Minimisation Clubs - for local or regional companies to meet regularly and share best practice in reducing waste.  Formally known as the Environment Technology Best Practice Programme.  (Updated Apr 2005)


Environpack Management

Tel 0207 495 3983
16 Berkeley Street, LONDON W1

Packaging consultancy.  Packaging operation audits and advice on operating procedures and minimising use of materials and costs.


Friends of the Earth Scotland

Tel 0131 554 9977
72 Newhaven Road, EDINBURGH EH6 5QG

In response to the UK's poor record on recycling packaging (22% compared with Germany's 75%), FoE Scotland produced the PackBack campaign pack.  It contains sticky labels for consumers to stick on packaging and return to the retailer or manufacturer to deal with because there are no recycling facilities available.  They read: "I've tried to recycle, now it's your responsibility".  Also included are briefings and ideas for letter writing, and the pack costs 1.50.


Incpen
Tel 0118 925 3466  Fax 0118 925 3467
Website www.incpen.org
Suite 108, Sussex House, 6 The Forbury, READING, Berks RG1 3EJ

Industry Council for Packaging and the Environment.  Non-profit organisation of about 50 large companies drawn from parts of the goods distribution chain (raw material suppliers, packaging manufacturers, goods manufacturers, and retailers), who research and provide information on the social and environmental effects of packaging.  Produces factsheets and guidelines, eg hazardous materials, pollution, PVC, life cycle analysis, recycling, reuse, waste minimisation.  (Updated Nov 2002)


IoP: the Packaging Society 

Tel 01780 759200  Fax 01780 759220
Website www.iop.co.uk  Email alan.kinnear@iom3.org 
Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining, Willoughby House, Broad Street, STAMFORD, Lincs PE9 1PB
Contact  Alan Kinnear, 01780 759204

Professional association offering technical advice and accredited training, including joint course with Envirowise on minimising packaging.  Access to a range of packaging consultants.  Runs web-based forum (Unlimited Packaging Solutions) so members can share expertise, and magazine, The Packaging Professional.  WRAP is a co-sponsor of the IOP's Starpack awards, to raise packaging standards, including design for sustainability and ease of recycling.  The Institute of Packaging (IoP) merged in Apr 2005 with the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining (IOM3)(Updated Aug 2005)


Jem Recycling

Tel 01639 887756  Fax 01639 871717
Bypass Works, Dock Road, Port Talbot SA13 1ER

Approved Compliance Scheme under the Producer Responsibility Approved Compliance Scheme Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations.  South Wales.  


Museum of Advertising and Packaging

Tel 01452 302309
Albert Warehouse, Gloucester Docks, GLOUCESTER GL1 2EH

A 30,000 item entertaining and nostalgic collection of packaging and advertising ephemera dating back to the Victorian era, forming just 10% of museum director Robert Opie's lifetime collection.  It demonstrates the development of graphic design, pack technology and marketing, as well as tracing the history of shopping towards today's treble-packed, litter-strewn world.  Combined with a leisurely stroll around the extensive lock basin and visit to the adjacent waterways museum, a memorable day out can be had at this historic West Country port.


Paperpak

Tel 01235 700611
Boston House, Grove Technology Park, Wantage, Oxon, OX12 9FF

Approved Compliance Scheme under the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations.


Properpak
Tel 0208 983 1000
Printers Gate, Limehouse Court, 3-11 Dodd Street, LONDON E14 7EQ

Approved compliance scheme under the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations.


www.recycle-more.co.uk
  see Valpak


Recycle UK

Tel 01494 449944  Fax 01494 537779
UK Waste Management Ltd, Gate House, Castle Estate, Turnpike Road, HIGH WYCOMBE, Bucks HP12 3NR

Approved Compliance Scheme under the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste Regulations).


ReMaDe Kent & Medway
Tel 01732 876617  Fax 01732 876611  
Email enquiries@remade-kentmedway.co.uk  Website www.remade-kentmedway.co.uk 
c/o Invicta Innovations, Horticulture Research International, EAST MALLING, Kent ME19 6BJ
Contact  Diana Lock, Programme Manager, diana.lock@remade-kentmedway.co.uk

Established by Kent County Council, Medway Council, Business Link Kent, The Brett Environment Trust and Kent Sustainable Business Partnership to create new markets and secondary uses for recycled materials.  Encourages businesses and local authorities to use recycled materials to minimise costs and use of virgin materials, turning "rubbish" into resources and profit.  Website provides information and tools,  industry facts and local projects.  Sections on:  i) Materials: plastic, paper, glass, organic, electrical, other;  ii) Services: business, support, green procurement, local waste recyclers/reprocessors;  and iii) Information: legislation, case studies, briefing papers.  Runs feasibility studies, trial schemes, helps with finance for projects focused on reducing waste, and spreads best environmental practice in recycling and sustainability.  Methods: a) help businesses identify and exploit opportunities from re-use of materials;  b) develop new markets for secondary materials, c) increase investment in reprocessing capacity and recycling infrastructure,  d) promote best practice, maximise local recycling rates and boost demand for products with high recycled content,  e) gain benefits by diverting resources from landfill back into local industry, and  f) expand the environmental technologies sector.
   (Updated Jan 2004)


SWS Compak
Tel 01429 276961  Fax 01429 864320
SWS Ltd, Thomlinson Road, Longhill Industrial Estate, HARTLEPOOL, Cleveland TS25 1NS

Approved compliance scheme under the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations.


TPM Services  
Tel / Fax 01293 413084  Mobile (24 hours) 07836 795835 
Email
enquiries@thepalletmanservices.com  Website www.thepalletmanservices.com
39 Downland Drive, Southgate West, CRAWLEY, West Sussex RH11 8QZ 
Contact  Simon Hibberd, Managing Director

Registered waste carrier and recycler, commercial and domestic, in Crawley and surrounding areas.  Fleet of drop sided vehicles for any type of waste removal and recycling, 'no job too small or big.'   Claims to have 'in 4 months saved over 45 tonnes of wood packaging from landfill, equal to 3000 office desks'.  Aims to be cheaper than other services, and offer friendly, helpful advice.  Industrial services include 'special' or 'hazardous' waste, and arrangements with the Environment Agency.  Commercial customers are asked to separate waste by type (metal, wood, plastic etc).  Commercial and domestic fridges and freezers incur an extra charge due to the expense of safe disposal of CFCs.  Runs Crawley Waste Exchange (domestic and industrial), including hoovers, dump trucks, cars, horse boxes, wood mulch, ladders and even bicycle sheds, http://groups.msn.com/CRAWLEYWASTEEXCHANGE/homepage, mailto:wastexchange@aol.com Tel / Fax as above (see also WasteBook section 120 Materials exchanges (waste exchanges)).  Aims to 'show the real worth of things some call scrap!'  A non-profit making scheme allowing barter/exchange/sale/donation of anyone's unwanted items.  TPM is on Crawley Environmental Forum set up by Crawley Borough Council to encourage residential and industrial communities to live and work in more environmentally sustainable ways.  Links on TPM's website to the above and many other initiatives.
  Hopes to offer a woodwaste shredding facility local to Crawley/Gatwick.  Won Crawley Green Business Award 2002 for waste disposal service with emphasis on recycling.  Crawley Wastexchange awarded Crawley Green Business Award certificate of merit 2003.  (See also sections 40 Metallics, plastic and rubber, 120 Materials (waste) exchanges, 180 Waste management contractors, 23 Timber reclamation, and 52 Pallets and cases.)  (Updated Sep 2005)


Valpak

Tel 08450 682 572   Fax
08450 682 532
Email info@valpak.co.uk  Website www.valpak.co.uk 
Stratford Business Park, Banbury Road, Stratford-upon-Avon CV37 7GW

Not-for-profit organisation, which complies with the requirements of the packaging waste regulations on behalf of over 5000 UK businesses (over 50% of the market) under the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) RegulationsCompanies with turnover of 2m (or compliance schemes such as Valpak on their behalf) buy PRNs (Packaging waste Recovery Notes) as evidence of recycling from an accredited reprocessor of packaging, recording the weight of material recycled.  Provides support and advice on developing markets for recycled products.  

Valpak hosts www.recycle-more.co.uk , a central recycling information resource for home, school, business and local authority, to fulfil members' legal requirement to promote recycling to consumers.  Offers help and advice on recycling by material / sector; packaging; waste minimisation; systems and standards (EMS, EMAS, ISO).  Also lists legislation and national waste strategies.  On website you can find your nearest 'bring bank' recycling site anywhere in the UK by postcode or place name, and local authority kerbside collections (although not by street). Email recycle-more@valpak.co.uk.   (Updated Aug 2005)  


Valuplast Ltd

Tel 0207 457 5031  Fax 0207 457 5038
6 Bath Place, Rivington Street, LONDON EC2A 3JE

Non-profit organisation set up by British Plastics Federation (BPF) and Packaging and Industrial Films Association (PIFA) to represent the UK plastics packaging industry.  Exists to facilitate recovery and recycling of all used plastic packaging in the most economical and environmentally sensible way. Centre for expertise, guidance and help on management, recovery and recycling of plastic waste; with particular interest in plastic packaging waste.  Acts as a link with Government on packaging waste regulations and implementation.  (Updated Aug 2003) 


Wastepack

Tel 01279 721721  Fax 01279 725754
Pishiobury House, Pishiobury Drive, SAWBRIDGEWORTH, Herts, OM21 0AF

Approved Compliance Scheme under the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations.


Waste Watch 

Tel 020 7 549 0300  Fax 0207 549 0301  
56-64 Leonard Street, LONDON EC2A 4JX
Email info@wastewatch.org.uk  Website www.wastewatch.org.uk

National co-ordinating body providing training and advice for existing and potential community groups interested in waste prevention, reduction, reuse and recycling.  Works with local and national government, promoting environmental benefits of waste minimisation on society and the economy.  Aims for positive change in attitudes and behaviour to producing and managing waste.  Runs seminars and conferences, and produces regular newsletters and information sheets.  Developed KAT (Kerbside Analysis Tool) to help councils assess the cost and practicality of different kerbside collection options, including recycling on estates.  Wasteline is a service answering questions on all aspects of waste.  Waste Watch's London network of Waste Alert Clubs help both to save businesses money and reduce waste.  The website
www.wasteonline.org.uk is a useful source of information on the waste industry.  The website www.recycledproducts.org.uk includes a database of products with recycled content - formerly compiled and maintained by Waste Watch, and originally called Buy Recycled, it is now run by WRAP (below).  Has own Communications Consultancy which reduces actual waste (Tel 020 7549 0328, kathryn@wastewatch.org.uk).  (Updated Sep 2005)


Wespak

Tel 01642 606055  Fax 01642 603726
Unit 8, Preston Farm Industrial Estate, Douglas Close, Stockton-on-Tees TS18 3SB

Approved Compliance Scheme under the Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations. Northern England.


WRAP (Waste and Resources Action Programme)
Helpline freephone 0808 100 2040  Switchboard Tel 01295 819900  Fax 01295 819911 / 819917
Email  helpline@wrap.org.uk   Website  www.wrap.org.uk
The Old Academy, 21 Horse Fair, BANBURY, Oxon OX16 0AH

Not-for-profit body in the private sector, set up to remove barriers to sustainable waste minimisation (promotes home composting, retail and real nappies), re-use and recycling.  Works / liaises with community, public, private, and recycling and secondary materials sectors.  Seeks innovators and partners to accelerate resource efficiency, and create and develop stable, efficient markets for recycled materials and products.  Recycled Products Guide www.recycledproducts.org.uk is an easily searchable directory of over 3200 recycled products, from watering cans to clothing and waste bins to fences; runs forums, and info on recycled materials and related websites at http://www.recycledproducts.org.uk/buy-recycled/links.asp#top .  Facilitates tenders and grants in many areas.   Working on glass, plastics, wood, paper, organics, aggregates, and other materials.  ROTATE (Recycling and Organics Technical Advisory Team) supports and advises local authorities on separate collection of dry recyclables and organic wastes; 'hands on' support customised to councils' needs;  Organics composted products information service.  eQuip Residual Value Guarantee (RVG) scheme helps recycling companies secure finance by guaranteeing future residual value of machinery, set up with a panel of banks and leasing companies who lease to the recycling sector.  Materials Pricing Report (produced by ICIS-LOR for WRAP) has up-to-date info on market prices of recyclables, to assist buying, and where to sell, recyclable materials.  AggRegain Service (section 21), uses Aggregates Levy funds for research / action to reduce demand for primary materials by encouraging aggregate reuse and recycling.  Recycle Now consumer awareness campaign launched 2004 (section 200).  Useful website has links to these schemes, and materials, business & finance, and procurement sections.  Supported by funding from DEFRA, the DTI and the devolved administrations of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland (see WasteBook entries under Central Government).  (Updated Feb 2005)